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The etymology indicates that the term refers specifically to the killing of a race/ethnicity. However, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) instead describes it as "intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group". Thus, despite including some non-racial groups, the convention does not include mass killings of groups perceived as political enemies, thereby excluding many mass killings under Communist regimes. The convention also describes as genocide some non-killings, such as forcibly preventing a group from having children or transferring the children away from the group. Genocide according to the convention also includes causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of a group without killing them.
Another term is democide, which refers to mass killings of civilians from all causes by a government and excludes the non-killings described in the convention.
Genocides and other forms of mass killings have existed throughout human history. However, today it is overwhelmingly the argued genocide during The Holocaust that is mentioned and described in the mass media. See also the article on Holocaust uniqueness.
See the "External links" for lists and descriptions of various genocides.
Genocides and mass killings
- Genocides, Politicides, and Other Mass Murder Since 1945, With Stages in 2008
- Genocides and Politicides events 1955-2002
- Pre-Twentieth Century Democide
History of the concept
Genocides list (incomplete)
- Mass killings under Communist regimes
- Genocides in Yugoslavia
- Genocide against the German people
- Greek genocide
- Haiti (1804) - Genocide of Whites by Blacks