Magnus Hirschfeld

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Magnus Hirschfeld

Magnus Hirschfeld (14 May 1868 – 14 May 1935) was a Jewish physician and sexologist based primarily in Germany. In 1897 Hirschfeld founded the "Scientific Humanitarian Committee". This group has been described as having carried out "the first advocacy for homosexual and transgender rights".[1]

In 1919 he founded the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft (Institute for Sexual Science). Hirschfeld also wrote an influential book on racism as discussed in the article on this topic.

Hirschfeld politically identified himself with the Social Democratic Party of Germany, which was a Marxist organisation.

In 1933, when the National Socialists came to power, Hirschfeld's activities in Germany were banned and his institute was vandalized by German students.

See the "External links" for more details.


  1. Goltz, Dustin (2008). "Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Movements", In Lind, Amy; Brzuzy, Stephanie (eds.). Battleground: Women, Gender, and Sexuality: Volume 2, pp. 291 ff. Greenwood Publishing Grou

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