Battle of Stalingrad

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Battle of Stalingrad
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-W0506-316, Russland, Kampf um Stalingrad, Siegesflagge.jpg
Soviet soldier waving the Red Banner over the central plaza of Stalingrad in 1943.
Date 23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943
Location Stalingrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Result Decisive Soviet victory
Belligerents
 Germany

 Romania
 Italy
 Hungary
 Spain
 Croatia

 Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders
Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler

Nazi Germany Erich von Manstein
Nazi Germany Friedrich Paulus Surrendered
Nazi Germany Hermann Hoth
Nazi Germany Wolfram von Richthofen
Kingdom of Romania Petre Dumitrescu
Kingdom of Romania C. Constantinescu
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) Italo Gariboldi
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946) Gusztáv Vitéz Jány
Spain A. Muñoz Grandes
Independent State of Croatia Viktor Pavičić 

Soviet Union Joseph Stalin

Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Soviet Union Nikolay Voronov
Soviet Union A.M. Vasilevsky
Soviet Union Andrei Yeremenko
Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet Union K.K. Rokossovsky
Soviet Union Nikolai Vatutin
Soviet Union Vasily Chuikov

Units involved
Army Group B: Stalingrad Front

Don Front[1]
South West Front[2]

Strength
Initial:
270,000 men
3,000 artillery pieces
500 tanks
600 aircraft, 1,600 by mid-September (Luftflotte 4)[3][4]
At the time of the Soviet counter-offensive:
700,000 men (400,000 Germans, 200,000 Romanians, 100,000 Italians) [5][6]
10,250 artillery pieces
500 tanks [5][6]
732 (402 operational) aircraft :225[7]:87
Initial:
187,000 men
2,200 artillery pieces
400 tanks
300 aircraft[4]:72
At the time of the Soviet counter-offensive: 1,143,500 men
13,451 artillery pieces
894 tanks[8]
1,115 :224 aircraft
Casualties and losses
est. 750,000 killed, missing or wounded
91,000 captured
900 aircraft (including 274 transports and 165 bombers used as transports)
1,500 tanks
6,000 artillery pieces[4]:122–123
Total: 841,000 casualties
478,741 killed or missing
650,878 wounded and sick
40,000 civilians dead
4,341 tanks
15,728 artillery pieces
2,769 combat aircraft [9]
Total: 1,129,619 casualties
1 Over 11,000 Axis soldiers continued to fight until early March, 1943.
Battle of Stalingrad is located in Russia
Location of Stalingrad within modern Russia
Operation Blau: German advances from 7 May 1942 to 18 November 1942      to 7 July 1942      to 22 July 1942     to 1 August 1942     to 18 November 1942

The Battle of Stalingrad (August 21, 1942 - February 2, 1943) was a major battle fought on the Eastern Front between Germany's Third Reich and it's allies against the Soviet Union. In this city was operation "Case Blue" or "Fall Blau" stopped . The operation case blue was a new large offensive of the german army and it's allies in the southern part of Russia or the Caucasus zone. The idea was to take the vital Soviet oil fields in Baku to stop or minimize the capability of the Soviet Union to wage war and flank the armies in center part of Russia especially in Moscow. Demoralizing the willing to fight of the Soviet Union people by taking the city of Stalingrad that have Stalin names. The Soviet Union was expecting an offensive in Moscow having much of their army there.And at the begining of the battle, the Wehrmacht(German army) advanced quickly with the Blitzkrieg tactics. During the Winter the Soviet Union used the tactics of urban warfare and manage to hold the city.In November 19, 1943 the Soviet Union with Operation Uranus attacked the armies near Stalingrad defended by Romanians, Italians and other minor Axis countries. Encircling the German 6th Army in Stalingrad and finally putting an end to the battle and an important defeat that change the course of the war.


German empire Offensive:

File.jpg


Soviet Union offensive:

Uranus.jpg

Soviet T-34 tanks and horse-drawn supply sled in southern Russia during Operation Uranus, November 1942.

References

  1. The Soviet fronts composition and names changed several times in the battle. The battle started with the South Western Front. It was later renamed Stalingrad Front, then had the Don Front split off from it.
  2. The Front was reformed from reserve armies on October 22, 1942.
  3. This force grew to 1,600 in early September by withdrawing forces from the Kuban region and Southern Caucasus: Hayward (1998), p. 195.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Bergström (2007)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Krivosheev (1965), pp. 181–2
  6. 6.0 6.1 Rokossovsky (1965), pp. 254–8
  7. Bergstrom (2005)
  8. Glantz (1995), p. 134
  9. Glantz (1995), p. 295
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