|23 December 1910
|Place of birth
|Jerxheim, Duchy of Brunswick, German Empire
|23 December 1961 (aged 51)
|Place of death
|Hagen, West Germany
| Weimar Republic
National Socialist Germany
|Allgemeine SS / Waffen-SS
|Years of service
|SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS
|14th Anti Tank Company LSSAH
15th Motor Cycle Company LSSAH
1st SS Reconnaissance Battalion LSSAH
SS Panzer Grenadier Regiment 25
12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend
Meyer son of a a miner and later factory worker, who had joined the Imperial German Army in 1914 and was a decorated NCO (Feldwebel) in World War I. Meyer began a business apprenticeship after completing middle school, but became unemployed in 1928 and was forced to work as a handyman before becoming a policeman (Polizist) in Mecklenburg-Schwerin the following year. Meyer joined the Hitler Youth when he was fifteen, became a full member of the NSDAP in September 1930, and joined the SS in October 1931. He was a guest at the marriage of Joseph Goebbels in December of that year. In May 1934, Meyer was transferred to the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH). He served during the Austria's accession to the German Reich in March 1938 and the liberation of the Sudetenland in October 1938.
- "Meyer was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Upon promotion on 16 June 1944 at the age of 33 years, 5 months and 25 days Meyer became one of the youngest divisional commanders in the Waffen-SS during the Second World War. After the war he was put on trial for war crimes relating to the shooting of Allied prisoners in Normandy for which he was sentenced to death. The sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. He petitioned for clemency and was released in 1954."
- "In this section, in the battles of the last days, has the 12th SS Panzer Division "Hitler Youth" under the command of SS-Standartenführer Meyer, especially the combat groups of SS-Sturmbannführer Olboetter, have especially distinguished themselves." — Wehrmachtbericht from 29 June 1944
Oak Leaves recommendation
Meyer’s Oakleaves’ recommendation reads as follows:
- “I recommend the commander of the LSSAH Aufklärungs-Abteilung, SS-Obersturmbannführer Kurt Meyer, for the award of the Oakleaves to the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.
- Since being awarded the Knight’s Cross to the Iron Cross on the 18.05.1941 SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer has repeatedly distinguished himself during the campaign in the East through his outstanding personal bravery and the skillful leadership of his Aufklärungs-Abteilung. On the 19.08.1941 Meyer succeeded in penetrating into the heavily defended city of Cherson via a deliberate flank attack from the east. This triggered the collapse of the strong hostile defensive front at Cherson. The city (along with its valuable port and industrial facilities) fell into our hands almost without damage. Numerous armed ships were destroyed, and the prevention of ferry traffic across the Dnieper significantly impaired the retreat of those enemy forces that were defending the city. Later, following the capture of Nowaja Majatschka, the Aufklärungs-Abteilung launched a wide-ranging thrust towards the southwest. This sliced its way through the retreating enemy units up until as far as the heavily fortified strongpoint of Rf. Presbrashenka. This disrupted the retreat of strong enemy forces towards Perekop and inflicted high losses in men and materiel on the foe. On the 15. & 16.09.1941 SS-Obersturmführer Meyer and his Aufklärungs-Abteilung launched a bold thrust eastwards in pursuit of the enemy’s 9th Army. This eventually brought the Abteilung to Ssalkowa and Genitschesk, which were both captured. With this the last railway and land connections to those Red Army forces located on the Crimea were cut off. What’s more, a train loaded with war materiel (including over 100 trucks) fell into friendly hands intact after the locomotive was shot up.
- During the defense against enemy forces that had broken through in the Jelisawetowka area, the commander of the Aufklärungs-Abteilung managed to halt any further hostile advance via a skillfully conducted mobile defense along a broad front. In the subsequent offensive battles SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer plunged into the fleeing enemy and established the bridgehead at Terpenjo despite powerful opposing resistance. This laid the groundwork for the bulk of the LSSAH to continue its pursuit of the enemy. Then, on the 05.10.1941, he [Meyer] scattered the staff of the enemy’s 9th Army in Romanowka. On the 07.10.1941, during the thrust towards Berdjansk, SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer entered into the city alongside strong enemy columns that were retreating towards Berdjansk from the west. By doing this he prevented the demolition of valuable armaments factories. Strong enemy forces were eliminated during the clearing of the city. SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer continued the pursuit on the following day, advancing alongside the fleeing enemy. Disregarding the strong hostile forces present on his extended left flank, he thrust into Mariupol against bitter resistance by a totally surprised enemy. He ultimately managed to secure control over this city of over 500000 residents, one which ranked second only to Odessa with regards to its importance as a harbour city for southern Russia. He also managed to seize control of the city’s valuable armaments facilities, and thereby preempted any demolitions work on them by the foe.
- When the LSSAH was transferred to the area east of Kharkov [in 1943] SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer and his Aufklärungs-Abteilung were the first divisional elements to detrain at Tschugujew, and afterwards they immediately took up a defensive position east of the Donez in the area Vorst. Ossinowka-Kalmyzkoje-Malinowka. From this position Meyer executed a series of spoiling attacks against strong elements of the Russian 12th Tank Corps. Thanks to his skillful leadership the enemy (which hitherto had a relatively unimpeded advance) was held up long enough for the bulk of the Division to arrive and take up its ordered defensive sector. Furthermore, despite strong enemy pressure, elements of the Aufklärungs-Abteilung under SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer’s personal command thrust towards the southeast and managed to relieve significant elements of the encircled 298. Infanterie-Division. The outstanding offensive spirit of the Aufklärungs-Abteilung and its commander proved sufficient to stop the advance of strong Russian forces to Kharkov whilst inflicting high losses to the enemy. When the Division set out from the Norefa area SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer had the mission of conducting a wide-ranging thrust via Nowaja Wodologa in order to reach the Jefremowka area.
- He ruthlessly carried out this task despite enemy resistance and the most difficult of terrain conditions. He and his Abteilung were the sole unit to reach the ordered attack objective, and despite being isolated from resupply for days they managed to hold their ground against non-stop enemy attacks. By doing so they tied down strong opposing forces and thereby facilitated the destruction of the 6th Russian Guards Cavalry Corps. After they had received reinforcements the enemy attempted to halt the southern wing of the LSSAH by conducting a massive attack with the 172nd Rifle Division. Among the defenders involved was SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer and his Abteilung (reinforced by a single Panzer-Kompanie), and in the ensuing battle they held Strongpoint Jefremowka against all enemy attacks. In the process they totally obliterated the 747th Russian Rifle Regiment. In addition to numerous small-arms, the enemy lost:
- 2 batteries of long 7.62 cm guns (8 pieces altogether)
- 18 anti-tank guns
- A large number of anti-tank rifles
- Over 1500 dead.
- On the 21.02.1943 SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer received the mission to take his Abteilung and thrust southwards from Strongpoint Jefremowka in order to smash elements of the 6th Russian Rifle Division that were assembling in the Jeremojewka-Krutojarowka. This mission was immediately carried out. SS-Obersturmbannführer Meyer smashed 4 strong enemy columns, and for only minimal friendly losses (3 dead including 1 officer and 11 wounded including 1 officer) he and his men eliminated the following:
- 17 guns (7.62 cm long)
- 4 anti-tank guns (4.5 cm)
- 7 heavy mortars
- Uncounted quantities of small-arms.”
Oak Leaves and Swords recommendation
Meyer’s Swords’ recommendation reads as follows:
- “After being awarded the Oakleaves SS-Standartenführer Meyer once again conducted deeds of outstanding bravery during the recapture of Kharkov. On the 10.-11.03.1943 he thrusted across the Kharkov-Belgorod road on his own initiative and proceeded to block the enemy’s retreat road to the east (Kharkov-Tschugujew) between the tractor factory and the city’s edge. This success by Standartenführer Meyer and his Aufklärungs-Abteilung contributed significantly to bringing about the fall of Kharkov in 3 days. At the start of the Invasion SS-Standartenführer Meyer, now commander of the SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Regiment 25, decisively influenced the course of the later fighting through the attack he conducted on his own initiative west and northwest of Caen on the 07.06.1944. He succeeded in throwing back the enemy (who had thrusted ahead with tanks as far as the Carpiquet airfield) back to the line Epron-Buron-Rots by a boldly led attack. Only through this swift and decisive action was it possible to push the frontline forwards a satisfactory distance to the north of Caen.
- After Meyer took command of the Division the enemy commenced an attack in the left sector of the Division with the 11th (English) armoured division as well as the 49th & 15th English infantry divisions. Their goal was to secure a bridgehead over the Orne at St. Andre. Over the course of two days of very hard combat a breakthrough by overwhelming enemy forces was prevented, and the foe was brought to a halt along the Odon river. In this fighting 117 enemy tanks were destroyed. On the 08.07.1944 the enemy launched an attack against Caen with the 3rd & 59th English plus the 3rd Canadian infantry divisions. They sustained heavy losses during the heavy, crisis-filled battle. Although the enemy succeeded in breaking through to the eastern edge of Caen by midday in the sector of the right neighbour, the Division in general managed to hold its position and prevent a breakthrough by enemy tanks that penetrated the line. By this the construction of a new frontline south of Caen was enabled. In this fighting the enemy lost 103 tanks.
- On the 08.08.1944 the enemy launched an attack in the sector of the 89. Infanterie-Division with their 1st Polish armoured division, their aim being to capture Hill 140 (4 km northeast of Potigny). At the time one Kampfgruppe of the Division was engaged in heavy combat in the sector of the 271. Infanterie-Division against enemy tank/infantry forces that had penetrated across the Orne, and another Kampfgruppe was successfully fighting in both offense and defense east of Vire. Even so the Division was able to muster another Kampfgruppe against an enemy that had deeply penetrated the line here, and intercepted them along the line St. Aignan-Bretteville sur Laize. In the hard resultant combat the 1st Polish armoured division was badly bloodied, and 90 hostile tanks were destroyed. Despite high friendly losses in the fighting on the 07.-08.08.1944, on the 09.08.1944 the Division managed to bring an attack of the 4th Canadian armoured division to a halt on the line St. Sylvain-Seignolles-Hill 111 (northwest of Rouvres)-Quesnay-Bray en Cinglais. In this time 103 enemy tanks were destroyed, and at the same time the Division’s actions enabled the construction of a new defensive line northwest of the Liaison creek.
- It is solely to the credit of SS-Standartenführer Meyer, who was involved day and night alongside his regiments and battalions, that Caen was held for over a day despite the destruction of the 16. Lw.-Felddivision. Ruthlessly committing himself to the battle, Standartenführer Meyer could always be found wherever the situation threatened to fall apart. Along with his commanders he was the soul of fanatical resistance that succeeded in fending off the enemy’s efforts to take Caen. Standartenführer Meyer, who would always inspire his soldiers forward in the most desperate hours, conducted exemplary actions that ensured that the initial enemy attempts to penetrate and break through into the favourable tank country southeast of Caen did not succeed. When the enemy was nevertheless ultimately able to push back the front east of the Orne due to his tremendous materiel superiority, SS-Standartenführer Meyer and his Division continued to provide the backbone for the whole frontline east of the Orne despite having suffered losses of over 6000 men. The successes and performance of the Division is a testament to the outstandingly brave and decisive leadership of its commander. I hold SS-Standartenführer Meyer as being worthy of the Oakleaves with Swords to the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on account of his distinguished service.”
Only 51 years of age Generalmajor a. D. Kurt Meyer, now sales Manager of a German brewery (Andreas-Brauerei in Hagen; the owner, Karl-Horst Andreas, was also an officer of the Waffen-SS), died during dinner with the family on 23 December 1961 (his birthday) due to a heart attack. The many wounds during the war and the hardships as a POW had taken it's toll on his health.
To his burial on 28 December 1961 in Hagen-Delstern up to 15,000 mourners from other German cities and from all of Europe arrived and were led by Generaloberst a. D. Sepp Dietrich. The Bundeswehr arranged an honor guard. Chancellor of Germany Konrad Adenauer and Federal Minister of Defence Franz Josef Strauß sent Telegrams.
- Kurt (Junior)
- SS-Sturmführer: 10 July 1932
- SS-Obersturmführer: 10 Marsch 1935
- SS-Hauptsturmführer: 12 September 1937
- SS-Sturmbannführer: 1 September 1940
- SS-Obersturmbannführer: 9 November 1942
- SS-Standartenführer: 21 June 1943
- SS-Oberführer: 1 August 1944
- SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS: 31 January 1945 backdated to 1 September 1944
Awards and decorations
- DLRG badge of the German Life Saving Association (Abzeichnen der Deutschen Lebens-Rettungs-Gesellschaft)
- Abzeichen des SA-Treffens Braunschweig 1931
- Reich Sports Badge (Deutsches Reichssportabzeichen) in Bronze
- SA Sports Badge (SA-Sportabzeichen) in Silver
- Totenkopfring der SS
- SS-Dienstauszeichnung (Long Service Award)
- Anschluss Medal (Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938) on 2 March 1939 as SS-Hauptsturmführer
- Sudetenland Medal with the Prague Castle Bar (Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938 mit Spange „Prager Burg“)
- Medal on 12 June 1939
- Clasp on 12 June 1940
- Iron Cross (1939), 2nd and 1st class
- 2nd class on 20 September 1939
- 1st class on 8 June 1940
- Wound Badge (1939) in Black, Silver and Gold
- some sources say he was wounded 30 times
- German Cross in Gold on 8 February 1942 as SS-Sturmbannführer in the SS-Division (motorisiert) „Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitler“
- Militärorden für Tapferkeit, 4th class, 1st grade on 6 July 1942
- Eastern Front Medal on 4 September 1942
- Orden der Krone von Rumänien, Knight's Cross with swords on 3 September 1942
- Named reference in the Wehrmachtbericht (Namentliche Nennung im Wehrmachtsbericht) on 29 June 1944 as SS-Standartenführer
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Knight's Cross on 18 May 1941 as SS-Sturmbannführer and commander of the SS-Aufklärungsabteilung „Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitler“/XXXX. Armee-Korps (mot.)/12. Armee
- 195th Oak Leaves on 23 February 1943 as SS-Obersturmbannführer and commander of the SS-Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 1 „Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitler“/Armee-Abteilung „Kempf“/Heeresgruppe Süd
- 91st Swords on 27 August 1944 as SS-Standartenführer and commander of the 12. SS-Panzer-Division „Hitlerjugend“
- Die Gefangennahme Kurt Meyers 1944
- Kurt Meyer, military-history.fandom.com (archive)
- Original: „In diesem Abschnitt haben sich in den Kämpfen der letzten Tage die 12. SS-Panzerdivision „Hitler-Jugend“ unter Führung von SS-Standartenführer Meyer, insbesondere die Kampfgruppen des SS-Sturmbannführers Olboeter, besonders ausgezeichnet.“
- Meyer, Kurt (Waffen-SS)
- Germanisch-deutsche Vornamen für Kinder edlen Blutes!