Italian Social Republic
The Italian Social Republic (Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana) was a German-dependent state existing between 1943 and 1945 in northern Italy. Sometimes called the Republic of Salò from its administrative center, the town of Salò.
It was led by the Republican Fascist Party, the successor of the National Fascist Party, and Benito Mussolini, after being freed from captivity during Operation Oak, after earlier having been deposed and imprisoned.
Italian units from the Italian Social Republic continued fighting against the Allies until the German and Italian defense collapsed, shortly before Germany itself capitulated.