Axis countries of World War II

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The Axis countries of World War II were the countries opposed to the Allied countries of World War II.

The term was first used by Benito Mussolini in November 1936, when he spoke of a Rome–Berlin axis arising out of the treaty of friendship signed between Italy and Germany.

Which countries to include is controversial. For example, countries considered to be Allied countries were involved in conflicts with various countries that are in politically correct descriptions usually not considered to be Axis countries. Thus, there were the Soviet invasions of the Baltic states, Finland, and Poland; the British and Soviet invasion of Iran; the British invasions of the Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Iraq; the American occupations of Greenland and Iceland; the British attack on the Third French Republic (the attack on Mers-el-Kébir); various attacks on neutral Vichy France and French colonies; and the British coup in Egypt using British military forces.

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