Hans Krebs (SS general)

From Metapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gauleiter ehrenhalber Hans Krebs.jpg

Hans Krebs (b. 26 April 1888 in Iglau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary; d. 15 February 1947 in Prague) was an German-Austrian officer in WWI, editor, author, politician, honorary Gauleiter (de) and SS-Brigadeführer in WWII.

Life

Hans Krebs (2).png
Hans-Krebs+Kampf-in-Böhmen.jpg

In 1911, Krebs, who originated from a wealthy cloth maker family, became the manager of the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or DAP) in Aussig, Vienna and Iglau, becoming editor of the party newspaper "Deutsche Volkswehr". After the outbreak of World War I, Krebs volunteered to serve in the Austro-Hungarian Army (de). He fought with the k.u.k. Infanterieregiment „Hoch- und Deutschmeister“ Nr. 4 in the South Tyrol, received several awards and rose to the rank of (1st) lieutenant (Leutnant or Oberleutnant der Reserve depending on the source). 1917, after being relieved of military duty due to serious illness, he was named State Secretary in Bohemia (Landessekretär in Böhmen, later Landesleiter von Deutsch-Böhmen) of the DAP. After the war, Krebs joined the German National Socialist Workers' Party (DNSAP) and was general manager (Hauptgeschäftsführer) in Czechoslovakian-occupied Moravia until 1931. He was also editor of the "Iglauer Volkswehr" newspaper. Krebs was from 1925 until 1933 a parliamentarian of the DNSAP in the Czech Parliament fighting for German interests.

In 1933, when the party was forbidden, he was stripped of his parliamentary immunity and imprisoned. Krebs then fled to Germany, where he became Pressereferent (press officer) and Oberregierungsrat (chief executive officer) in the Reich Ministry of the Interior, Reichshauptstellenleiter of the NSDAP (he received the special membership number 86 in November 1935, his membership backdated to 1925), member of the Reichstag from 29 March 1936 until 8 May 1945 and a member of the Schutzstaffel (SS rune.png) with the SS-Nr.: 292,802, being promoted to SS-Standartenführer 1938, SS-Oberführer November 1938 and SS-Brigadeführer 1940. He was also named honorary Gauleiter of the Reichsgau Sudetenland on 26 April 1888 on occasion of his 50th birthday, also receiving from Adolf Hitler his ppicture with silver frame. In late summer 1938 he was promoted to Ministerialrat (Ministerial Council).

After the liberation of the Sudetenland, Konrad Henlein would become official Gauleiter, Krebs returned to Aussig, where he would become Regierungspräsident (district president) from November 1938[1] (commissioned to conduct business, officially Regierungspräsident on 1 April 1939) until 1945.

Death

After the war, Krebs was convicted of "high treason", although as a German he was only bound to the German cause, and executed by hanging by the Czechoslovak government in Prague in 1947

Awards and decorations (excerpt)

Writings (selection)

  • Katechismus der deutschen Arbeiterbewegung Österreichs, Hedeler, Leipzig 1917
  • Für Selbstbestimmungsrecht, Demokratisierung und Frauen-Wahlrecht!, aus einer Rede, Nationalsozialistische Druck- und Verlags-Anstalt, Aussig 1919
  • Macht und Recht – Eine geschichtspolitische Betrachtung, Sudetendeutscher Verlag, Reichenberg (Böhmen), 1922
  • Rednerfibel, 1922
  • Der Münchener Kahr-Freitag, 1923
  • Arbeiter und Volkstum – Ein Gespräch zweier Arbeiter über die Einheitsfront, 1927
  • Die sudetendeutsche Selbstverwaltung – Ein Beitrag zur nationalen Autonomiebewegung, 1928
  • Lerne reden!, Leipzig 1931
  • Paneuropa und Mitteleuropa?, Franz Eher, München 1931
  • Masaryk und der deutsche Nationalsozialismus. Über die Grundsätze und Ziele der D.N.S.A.P. in den Sudetengebieten und die Hitlerbewegung im Deutschen Reiche. Deutsche nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei, Aussig 1931
  • Der Kampf um die sudetendeutsche Autonomie, Aussig 1933
  • Kampf in Böhmen, Volk und Reich Verlag, Berlin 1936 (more editions 1937 and 1938)
  • Wir Sudetendeutschen, Berlin 1937 (together with Professor Dr. phil. Emil Lehmann)
    • 3rd edition 1938
    • Sudetendeutsche Landeskunde, Arndt-Verlag, Kiel 1992 (somewhat shortened, especially the parts about Jews)
  • Sudetendeutschland marschiert, Berlin 1938 (together with HJ-Bannführer Siegfried Zoglmann)[2]
  • Prag und Moskau. Mit einem Geleitwort von Reichsminister Dr. Wilhelm Frick, Zentralverlag der NSDAP Franz Eher Nachf., München 1938

Gallery

Further reading

  • Hans Christoph Kaergel (Hg.): Ein Sudetendeutscher ergibt sich nicht! Ein Buch um den sudetendeutschen nationalsozialistischen Führer Hans Krebs, mit 11 Abbildungen, Breslau 1938

External links

References