The Groupement de recherche et d'études pour la civilisation européenne ("Research and Study Group for European Civilization"), also known as GRECE (French acronym for "Greece") is an ethnonationalist think-tank, founded in 1968 by the journalist and writer Alain de Benoist. It thought of as the leading group of the Nouvelle Droite. Apart from Alain de Benoist, other important peope associated with GRECE are Charles Champetier, Yyves Christen, Guillaume Faye (former), Pierre Krebs, Jacques Marlaud, Michel Marmin, Louis Pauwels, Tomislav Sunic, Jean-Claude Valla, Dominique Venner, and Pierre Vial (former).
GRECE distinguishes itself from other traditionalist conservative organizations in displaying specific interest for Germanic and Nordic cultures, rejection of Christianity and monotheism, and advocating a come-back of paganism. However, not all members of GRECE are necessarily hostile to Christianity.
Controversy in the Right
In his New Culture, New Right: Anti-Liberalism in Postmodern Europe (Bloomington, IN, USA: 1stBooks, 2004), Michael O'Meara had written that :
- Recently, however, GRECE’s opposition to multiculturalism has undergone a significant shift. Until 1998, it consistently opposed multiculturalist efforts to recognize immigrant communities as separate legal entities, for it claimed these efforts threatened the integrity of French identity. Then, rather unexpectedly, it reversed course, adopting a “communitarian” position favoring the public recognition of non-French communities—so that immigrants could be able to “keep alive the structures of their collective cultural existence.” To some, this shift constitutes nothing less than an identitarian betrayal, for others a recognition that Europe’s enemy is not the immigrant per se, but the system responsible for immigration. The shift was not without controversy, with New Rightists like Guillaume Faye and others rejecting it. (p.77)
However, it is notable that Alain de Benoist, despite holding reservations about quickly immigration problems can be solved, still criticizes immigration, which signifies that his critics are clearly biased in their protrayal of his position. He has clearly declared in his Manifesto for a European Renaissance (London: Arktos, 2012) that "immigration such as one sees today in Europe constitutes an undeniably negative phenomenon" and that "the New Right favors policies restrictive of immigration, coupled with increased cooperation with Third World countries where organic interdependence and traditional ways of life still survive, in order to overcome imbalances resulting from globalization." It is obvious from this and a number of other works by Benoist that O'Meara is seriously exaggerating Benoist's supposed "betrayal" (which some would argue is not a real betrayal to begin with). Also, recently one writer has remarked that "it seems clear from several of his works... (such as his 'Manifesto of the New Right,' 'Immigration: Reserve Army of Capital,' 'What is Racism?') that Alain de Benoist does believe that maintaining the separateness of the various cultural, ethnic, and racial groups is very important and he certainly does not accept the permanent re-settlement of Europe by racially foreign immigrants (as O'Meara claims); rather, he believes taking a less radical procedure to solve the matter." (Quoted from: Link).
- Groupement de recherche et d'études pour la civilisation européenne http://www.grece-fr.net/
- Les Amis d'Alain de Benoist – web site about Alain de Benoist
- Author page at Arktos.com
- The French New Right In The Year 2000 – manifest for the New Right
- Three Interviews With Alain de Benoist
- On Being a Pagan (English edition, Ultra 2004)
- "Manifesto of the French New Right in 2000" by Alain de Benoist and Charles Champetier (ebook)
- "Manifeste: la Nouvelle Droite de l'an 2000" (French version)
- "Manifiesto: la Nueva Derecha del ano 2000" por Alain de Benoist y Charles Champetier (Spanish version)
- "La Nuova Destra del 2000" da Alain de Benoist e Charles Champetier (Italian version)
- "Manifest - Nova pravice v roce 2000" - Alain de Benoist a Charles Champetier (Czech version)
- "On Identity" by Alain de Benoist
- "Critique of Liberal Ideology" by Alain de Benoist
- "What is Racism?" by Alain de Benoist
- "Immigration: The Reserve Army of Capital" by Alain de Benoist
- "The Current Crisis of Democracy" by Alain de Benoist
- "Benoist's Pluriversuman: An Ethnonationalist Critique" by Michael O'Meara
- "The Guillaume Faye-Alain de Benoist debate on Multiculturalism (trans. Michael O’Meara)"
- Works by or about Alain de Benoist at the Internet Archive
- Works by or about Alain de Benoist at "New European Conservative"