Dominique Venner (16 April 1935 - 21 May 2013) was a French historian, journalist and author.
Venner volunteered to fight in the Algerian War and served as a paratrooper. Upon his return to France in 1956, he was active in French nationalist organizations. As a member of the Organisation armée secrète, which sought to retain French Algeria through armed insurrection, he was jailed for 18 months. He was freed in 1962.
"While serving a prison term for his involvement with the dissident paramilitary group, the Organisation armée secrète (OAS), he sought to write a text that would synthesize the vast domain of right-wing thought into a coherent political doctrine, a right-wing manifesto in the same vein as Vladmir Lenin’s What is to be Done?
For a Positive Critique is the fruit of that labor, and it sowed the seeds for his future metapolitical endeavors".
Venner was a member of the influential GRECE from its beginning until the 1970s.
He also created, with Thierry Maulnier, the Institut d'études occidentales (IEO) (Institute of Western Studies), which worked in parallel and in tandem with GRECE. The IEO was anti-communist, pitted itself against what it saw as "mental subversion" and supported Western values. It dissolved in 1971, the same year Venner ceased all political activities in order to focus on his career as a historian.
He wrote over fifty books about history, specializing in the history of weapons and hunting. In 2002, he established the right-wing history magazine La Nouvelle Revue d'Histoire, which existed until 2017.
On 21 May 2013, Venner committed suicide inside the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris. Various explanations have been stated, such as the Muslim mass immigration, Islamization, the Americanization of European values, and most recently, the legalization of same-sex marriage in France. Despite the choice of Notre Dame as the place of his suicide, Venner was not a Christian. He was a practicing pagan but also an admirer of Christian civilization. "Arktos has published the only one of his major works to appear in English to date: The Shock of History, which was written for Arktos shortly before his suicide, and which explains his motivations."