Alfred Streccius

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Alfred Streccius
Alfred Streccius I.JPG
Birth date 3 June 1874(1874-06-03)
Place of birth Mühlhausen an der Elbe, Province of Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Death date 26 October 1944 (aged 70)
Place of death Hanover, Gau Southern Hanover-Brunswick, German Reich
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 National Socialist Germany
Service/branch War and service flag of Prussia (1895–1918).png Prussian Army
Reichskolonialflagge.png Schutztruppe
Iron Cross of the Luftstreitkräfte.png Imperial German Army
Freikorps Flag.jpg Freikorps
War Ensign of Germany (1921–1933).png Reichswehr
Balkenkreuz.jpg Heer
Years of service 1893–1918
Rank General der Infanterie
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Prussian Crown Order
Red Eagle Order
Iron Cross
House Order of Hohenzollern
War Merit Cross (1939)
German Cross in Silver
Relations ∞ 1919 Marie Luise Ulex

Alfred Streccius (3 June 1874 – 26 October 1944) was a German officer of the Prussian Army, the Schutztruppe, the Imperial German Army, the Freikorps, the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht, finally General der Infanterie (General of the Infantry) in World War II.

Military career (chronology)

Erich Ludendorff und Kofl Streccius
Kaiser Wilhelm II und Kofl Streccius
General Alfred Streccius and Generalmajor Emil Zellner (left) at Döllersheim during the erection of 373. (Croatian) Infanterie-Division (c. January 1943). 2nd from right is NSDAP-Bereichsleiter Hermann Reisinger (Kreis Zwettl).
Alfred Streccius (left).jpg
  • 22 March 1893 Coming from the Cadet School (Kadettenschule) joined the Infanterie-Regiment „von Manstein“ (Schleswigsches) Nr. 84
  • 18 August 1894 Commissioned in the 4th Company
  • 1 October 1896 Adjutant of the 3rd Battalion
  • 1900/1901 2nd Company
  • 1 October 1901 Commanded to the War Academy (Kriegsakademie)
  • 5 April 1904 Joined the 1. Feld-Regiment (mounted) of the Schutztruppe in German Southwest Africa
  • 11 August 1904 Wounded (shot in the right upper arm) as officer of the 11th Company/1. Feldregiment during the Battle of Waterberg near Hamakari
  • 1 October 1907 Transferred to the Infanterie-Regiment „Hamburg“ (2. Hanseatisches) Nr. 76
    • commanded to the War Academy for a short time and then officer in the 4th Company
  • 13 September 1911 Commander of the 8th Company/Infanterie-Regiment „Hamburg“ (2. Hanseatisches) Nr. 76
    • later Commander of the 1st Company[1]
  • 1 August 1914 Leader of the Feldflieger-Abteilung 13 (FFA 13) in Dillingen
  • December 1914 Stofl 3 (Staff officer of the Airmen 3)
  • October 1915 Commander of the Airmen 9 (Kofl 9)
  • 27 June 1916 Commander of the Kagohl 7 (Combat Wing of the Supreme Army Command; OHL)
  • 1 January 1917 Commander of the Airmen 9 (Kofl 9)
  • September 1917 Kofl 5. Armee (Commander of the Airmen of the 5th Army)
  • December 1917 to October 1918 Kofl 18. Armee (Commander of the Airmen of the 18th Army)
  • Pilot leader at the Army High Command North, Bartenstein/East Prussia (Border Protection East)
  • 1919 Commander of the Freiwilligen-Bataillon Streccius (Volunteer Battalion with the Freikorps)
  • 1 October 1919 Staff officer in the III. Battalion/Reichswehr-Schützen-Regiment 8/Reichswehr-Brigade 4 in Magdeburg
  • 30 January 1920 Service in the Aviation Commission
  • 12 May 1920 Staff officer in the Military District Command IV
  • 1 May 1923 Commander of the I. Battalion/Infanterie-Regiment 11 in Freiberg
  • 1 May 1926 Staff officer in the Infanterie-Regiment 11 in Leipzig
  • 1 December 1926 Staff officer in the Berlin Command
  • 1 May 1927 Staff officer in the Gruppenkommando 2 in Kassel
  • 1 May 1928 In the League of Nations Department of the Troop Office (Völkerbundsabteilung des Truppenamtes) in Berlin
  • 1 March 1929 Commander of the Infanterie-Regiment 17 in Braunschweig
  • 31 January 1931 Retired from active service

China and Wehrmacht

After his retirement, Streccius spent the next years as a well-paid military advisor in China, where he tragically lost his wife in 1937. Streccius returned to Germany in 1938. On 26 August 1939, he was placed at the disposal of the German Army and was named commander of the rear area "North" of the 14th Army.

  • 17 September 1939 Commandant of Przemysl
  • 14 October 1939 Senior Field Commandant (Oberfeldkommandant) Tarnow
  • 15 January 1940 Commandant of the rear army area 672 (Kommandant des rückwärtigen Armeegebietes 672)
  • 10 March 1940 Senior Field Commandant (Oberfeldkommandant) 592
  • 31 May 1940 Commander of the army troops in the Netherlands (Kommandeur der Heerestruppen in den Niederlanden)
  • 27 June 1940 Head of the military administration in France (Chef der Militärverwaltung in Frankreich)
  • 26 October 1940 Commanding General of the Deputy XVII. Army Corps and Commander in Military District XVII (Kommandierender General des stellvertretenden XVII. Armeekorps und Befehlshaber im Wehrkreis XVII)
  • 31 August 1943 Führerreserve OKH (BdE)
  • 31 December 1943 Mobilization provision lifted (Mobilmachungsbestimmung aufgehoben)


General of the Infantry (ret.) Alfred Streccius was killed during the terror bombing of Hanover by the 401st Bomb Group of the USAAF on 26 October 1944. He was buried with military honors at the Engesohder Cemetery in Hanover.[2]


Alfred was the son of Generalmajor Christian Felix Streccius (b. 3 June 1833 in Stendal; d. 14 February 1889 in Hannover), a veteran of the German-Franco War, and his wife (∞ Hamburg 29 May 1868) Luise Charlotte Wilhelmine Ulex (1850–1901). He had two older siblings: sister Frieda (b. 1869) and brother Viktor (1870–1909). His uncle was Generalleutnant Johannes Streccius (1831–1889).


On 13 June 1919 (a single source states 14 June 1921[3]), Major Streccius married his fiancée Marie Luise Ulex (b. 1895; d. 27 September 1937 in Nanjing, China; related with Wilhelm Ulex) with whom he had son Hans-Joachim Streccius (b. 1922). Suping Lu writes in his book Japanese Atrocities in Nanjing (2022, p. 169), it was Streccius' second marriage, which seems likely. Hans-Joachim Streccius served as a Lieutenant in the Infanterie-Regiment 17 during WWII, some sources even presume he was in 1943, but this is not documented.


  • 22.3.1893 Charakter als Fähnrich (Honorary Officer Cadet)
  • 18.8.1894 Sekondeleutnant (2nd Lieutenant)
  • 27.1.1904 Oberleutnant (1st Lieutenant)
  • 16.6.1911 Hauptmann (Captain)
  • 18.6.1917 Major
    • 1.2.1922 received new rank seniority (RDA) from 18.6.1917
  • 1.11.1922 Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel)
  • 1.2.1927 Oberst (Colonel)
  • 1.2.1930 Generalmajor (Mahjor General)
  • 1.2.1931 Charakter als Generalleutnant (Honorary Lieutenant General)
  • 27.6.1940 Charakter als General der Infanterie z. V. (z. V. = zur Verfügung [at disposal])
  • 1.7.1941 General der Infanterie z. V. with rank seniority (RDA) from 1.9.1940

Awards and decorations



  1. Rangliste der Königlich Preußischen Armee, 1914, p. 245
  2. Streccius, Alfred
  3. General der Infanterie z. V. Alfred Streccius (1874-1944), Post by askropp, 7 August 2017
  4. Rangliste des deutschen Reichsheeres, 1928, p. 110