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New town hall Hanover (02/2011)
New town hall Hanover (02/2011)
Coat of arms of Hanover
Hanover is located in Germany
Coordinates 52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.36667°N 9.71667°E / 52.36667; 9.71667
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Hanover
City subdivisions 13 districts
Lord Mayor Stephan Weil (SPD)
Governing parties SPDGreens
Basic statistics
Area 204.01 km2
Elevation 55 m  (180 ft)
Population 520,966 (31 December 2009)[1]
 - Density 2,554 /km2 (6,614 /sq mi)
 - Metro 1,128,543 
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate H
Postal codes 30001 - 30669
Area code 0511
Website www.hannover.de

Hanover or Hannover on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain, in their dignities as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (which title was later called the Elector of Hanover at the end of the historical period known as Early Modern Europe). After the Napoleonic Wars ended, the Electorate was enlarged and made into the capital of the Kingdom of Hanover.

In addition to being the capital of Lower Saxony, Hanover was the capital of the administrative area Regierungsbezirk Hannover (Hanover region) until Lower Saxony's administrative regions were disbanded at the beginning of 2005. It is, however, still part of the Hanover district (Region Hannover), which is a municipal body made up from the former district and city of Hanover.

With a population of 522,944 (1 February 2007) the city is a major center of northern Germany, known for hosting annual commercial expositions such as the Hanover Fair and the CeBIT. Every year Hanover hosts the Schützenfest Hannover, the world's largest Marksmen's Fun Fair, and the Oktoberfest Hannover, which is the second largest Oktoberfest in the world. In 2000, Hanover hosted the world fair Expo 2000. The Hanover fairground, due to numerous extensions especially for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world. Hanover also has regional importance because of its universities and medical school, its international airport, and its large zoo. The city is also a major crossing point of railway lines and highways (Autobahnen), connecting European main lines in east-west-direction (Berlin - Ruhr area) and north-south-direction (Hamburg - Munich et al.).


Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.