Manfred von Richthofen

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Manfred von Richthofen.

Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also known as the Red Baron, was Germany’s top aviator and leading ace in World War I.

He was commander of Fighter Wing I (Jagdgeschwader 1), which, because of its frequent moves by rail and its fancifully decorated planes, was called “Richthofen’s Flying Circus”. Richthofen painted his aircraft red, and this combined with his title led to him being called "The Red Baron". Personally, he was credited with shooting down 80 enemy aircraft.

According to one account, he was killed by Australian ground fire, according to another he was shot down by Arthur Roy Brown, a Canadian in the Royal Air Force.

Hermann Göring eventually became his successor as commander of the unit.

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