Henry Alfred Kissinger (born May 27, 1923) is a German-born American-Jewish political scientist, diplomat, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
A proponent of Realpolitik, Kissinger played a dominant role in United States foreign policy between 1969 and 1977. During this period, he pioneered the policy of détente with the Soviet Union, orchestrated the opening of relations with China, and negotiated the Paris Peace Accords, ending American involvement in the Vietnam War. His role in the bombing of Cambodia, the Vietnam War, and other American interventions abroad during this period remains controversial. One example is the 1973 Chilean coup d'état and more generally various claimed anti-Communist actions in Latin America.
- A Jew For All Season: Henry Kissinger's Jewishness, American Foreign Policy and the 1973 War in the Middle East