Eric Arthur Blair (June 25, 1903 — January 21, 1950), better known by the pen name George Orwell, was a Left-wing English author and journalist. Noted as a novelist and critic as well as a political and cultural commentator, Orwell is among the most widely admired English-language political essayists of the 20th century. He is best known for two novels he wrote after World War II critical of totalitarianism in general, and Stalinism in particular: Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Both were written and published towards the end of his life.
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