French resistance

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Poster exposing the communist Jews and foreign terrorists who claimed to be "French liberators".

The French resistance refers to the bands of mostly communist terrorists[1] and non-French ethnic minorities (Jews, Armenians, British, etc) in France during World War II who conspired against the legal government of France, (which had relocated from Paris to Bordeaux to Clermont, and finally Vichy), as well as the German Military Administration in France, following France's defeat in the Battle of France and the subsequent agreed Armistice requested by the French Government in June 1940.

The best known of the terrorist groups were those who from 1942 onwards became increasingly serviced by the London offices of the renegade Charles de Gaulle, who, supported by figures such as Churchill and Guy de Rothschild as well as the intelligence services of the British Empire, conspired to undermine the Franco-German armistice signed by Maréchal Philippe Pétain on behalf of the French Government.

Aside from the factional and tiny Gaullist groups, who operated almost completely in the 'occupied' zone, there were also some openly terrorist elements. One of the best known of the latter organisations was the Francs-Tireurs et Partisans (FTP), which was attached to the French Communist Party and the Maquis. Many of their members were Jews and other foreigners. The National Council of the Resistance was the co-ordinating body between these various groups. There were some elements who, while supporting the French State based at Vichy, were hostile to the German occupied zone for nationalist reasons. The latter group included figures such as François de La Rocque and Charles Maurras.

References

  1. Both Admiral Darlan and Otto Abetz both stated this. Refer Werth, 1957, p.133.
  • Werth, Alexander, France 1940 - 1955, London, 1957, chapters on Vichy, Occupation and Resistance, pps:3 - 180.

See also

External links