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The French resistance refers to the bands of mostly communist terrorists and non-French ethnic minorities (Jews, Armenians, etc) in France during World War II who conspired against the legal government of France, (which had relocated from Paris to Bordeaux and then Vichy) as well as the Military Administration in France, an interim authority governed by National Socialist Germany following the conclusion of the Battle of France and the Armistice requested by the French Government in 1940.
The best known of the terrorist groups were those who from 1942 onwards became increasingly serviced by the London offices of the renegade Charles de Gaulle, who, supported by crime figures such as Guy de Rothschild and the intelligence services of the British Empire, conspired to undermine the Franco-German armistice signed by Maréchal Philippe Pétain.
Aside from the factional and small Gaullist forces, who operated almost completely in the 'occupied' zone, there were also some openly terrorist elements. One of the best known of the latter organisations was the Francs-Tireurs et Partisans (FTP), which was attached to the French Communist Party. Many of their members were Jews and other foreigners. The National Council of the Resistance was the coordinating body between these various groups. There were some elements who while supporting the French State based at Vichy were hostile to the German administration in the occupied zone for nationalist reasons. The latter group included figures such as François de La Rocque and Charles Maurras.
- Werth, Alexander, France 1940 - 1955, London, 1957, chapters on Vichy, Occupation and Resistance, pps:3 - 180.
- MRAP, founded by anti-French FTP Jews after the war.
- Axis forces in France, their French opponents.
- Association maçonnique internationale, anti-Axis masons.