Ernst Jüngling

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Ernst Jüngling
Generalmajor Ernst Jüngling.jpg
Birth name Ernst Ulrich Eduard Johannes Jüngling
Birth date 27 January 1883(1883-01-27)
Place of birth Gostyn, Province of Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Death date 5 May 1945 (aged 62)
Place of death Kipsdorf, Erz Mountains, German Reich
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 National Socialist Germany
Service/branch War and service flag of Prussia (1895–1918).png Prussian Army
Iron Cross of the Luftstreitkräfte.png Imperial German Army
Freikorps Flag.jpg Freikorps
War Ensign of the Reichswehr, 1919 - 1935.png Reichswehr
Polizei in der Weimarer Republik.jpg Police
Balkenkreuz.jpg Heer
Rank Generalmajor (Major General)
Commands held Infanterie-Regiment 336
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Iron Cross
House Order of Hohenzollern
War Merit Cross (1939)
Relations ∞ 1919 Antonie Wilhelmine Margarethe Gerlach

Ernst Ulrich Eduard Johannes Jüngling (27 January 1883 – 5 May 1945) was a German officer of the Prussian Army, the Imperial German Army, the Freikorps, the police (Polizei) and the Wehrmacht, finally Major General in WWII. He died as a result of severe wounds received in a low-flying air strafing attack on civilians by the enemy.

Military career (chronology)

  • Entered Army Service (22 Mar 1901)
  • Passed Out the Cadet-Corps as Fähnrich in the Infanterie-Regiment „Herzog Karl von Mecklenburg-Strelitz“ (6. Ostpreußisches) Nr. 43 (22 Mar 1901-01 Apr 1909)
  • Instructor at the Unteroffizier-School Treptow (01 Apr 1909-09 Apr 1910)
  • Instructor at the Unteroffizier-Preparatory-School Greifenberg (09 Apr 1910-17 Feb 1914)
  • Transferred back to the 3rd Company/43rd Infantry-Regiment (17 Feb 1914-31 Mar 1920)
    • Platoon, Company and Battalion Leader in WWI and with the Freikorps
      • With the regiment he was deployed on the Eastern Front in 1914 and took part in the Battle of Tannenberg. In 1915, he took part in, among other things, the storming of Zvinin, the Battle of Stryi and the capture of Brest-Litovsk. In the spring of 1916, he and his regiment were transferred to the Western Front to take part in the Battle of Verdun. In August 1916, the regiment returned to the Eastern Front and took part in the September Battle of the Carpathians. In 1917, the regiment fought in Bukovina and was transferred back to the Western Front in November 1917 and deployed in the Verdun area. The regiment took part in the battles in the west, including the trench warfare near Reims and in the Siegfriedstellung. The regiment returned home at the end of November 1918.
  • Retired from the Reichswehr (31 Mar 1920)
  • Entered Police Service (01 Mar 1920)
  • With the Security-Police, Instructor at the Police-School Sensberg (01 Mar 1920-31 Mar 1923)
  • Retired (31 Mar 1923)
  • Landesschutz-Employee of the Reichswehr as Major a. D. (01 May 1925-01 Oct 1933; L-Angestellter)
  • Entered Army Service as a Territorial-Officer (01 Oct 1933; L-Offizier)
    • Supplemental-Officer (05 Mar 1935; E-Offizier)
    • Active-Officer (01 Jun 1941)
  • Commander of the 125th Border-Protection-Regiment (01 Oct 1933-01 Feb 1934)
  • Commander of the 106th Border-Protection-Regiment (01 Feb 1934-01 Oct 1934)
  • Training-Director Lyck (01 Oct 1934-29 Nov 1939)
    • The Border Guard Regiment 41 (Grenzwacht-Regiment 41), also known as Border Guard Section 41 (Grenzwacht-Abschnitt 41), was set up on 25 August 1939 by the Training-Director Lyck Ernst Jüngling and placed under the command of the fortifications near Lötzen (Kommandantur der Befestigungen bei Lötzen). On 30 November 1939, the regiment was disbanded again and formed the staff and the 1st battalion of the 336 Infantry Regiment.
  • Commander of the 336th Infantry-Regiment (29 Nov 1939-01 Nov 1940)
    • After the 183rd Infantry Division broke through the Maginot Line near Longuyon, Colonel Jüngling led the 336th Infantry Regiment through the resulting gap and attacked French positions on the Maginot Line from the west. After the armistice on June 25, all German attacks on the French fortifications were stopped and the 336th Infantry Regiment moved to East Prussia.
  • Führer-Reserve Military-District-Command XII/Command-Office Mannheim-Ludwigshafen (01 Nov 1940-19 May 1941)
  • Transferred to the Command-Office of the Commander Eifel and of Saar Palatinate (19 May 1941-16 Mar 1942)
  • Field-Commandant 756 (16 Mar 1942-10 Mar 1944)
    • Kommandant der Feldkommandantur 756/Befehlshaber Heeresgebiet Don/Heeresgruppe Süd
  • Führer-Reserve OKH (10 Mar 1944-15 May 1944)
  • General with Special Duties for Personnel-Handling with Military-District-Command VIII (15 May 1944-30 Nov 1944)
  • Retired (30 Nov 1944)[1]


Ernst was the son of Dr. jur. Ernst Jüngling, District Court Director in Oppeln (1909 Geheimer Justizrat) and Knight of the Red Eagle Order, and his wife Helene, née Lübbert. On 2 August 1919 in Klingenberg, Captain Jüngling married his fiancée Antonie Wilhelmine Margarethe Gerlach (b. 7 January 1899 in Königsberg), daughter of Albert Gustav Gerlach (1851–1926) and his wife Gertrud Margarete Emilie Nanny, née Freiin von der Goltz (1859–1899).


  • 22 March 1901 Charakter als Fähnrich (Honorary Officer Cadet)
  • 18 November 1901 Fähnrich (Officer Cadet)
  • 18 August 1902 Leutnant (2nd Lieutenant)
  • 18 August 1911 Oberleutnant (1st Lieutenant)
  • 8 November 1914 Hauptmann (Captain)
  • 17 February 1921 Charakter als Major (Honorary Major)
  • 1 March 1920 Polizei-Hauptmann (Police Captain)
  • 1 February 1921 Polizei-Major (Police Major)
  • 1 October 1933 Major a. D. (Retired Major and L-Angestellter)
  • 15 May 1934 Oberstleutnant a. D. (Retired Lieutenant Colonel and L-Offizier)
  • 5 March 1935 Oberstleutnant (E-Offizier; E)
  • 1 January 1938 Oberst (E; Supplemental Colonel)
  • 1 June 1941 Oberst (Active Colonel)
  • 1 March 1944 Generalmajor

Awards and decorations