Der Stürmer (literally "The Stormer") was a weekly German tabloid-format newspaper published by Julius Streicher, the NSDAP Gauleiter (regional leader) of Franconia, from 1923 to the end of World War II, with brief suspensions in publication due to legal difficulties. The paper was not an official publication of the NSDAP, but was published privately by Streicher. It included anti-Semitism, including notably in caricatures.
Some NSDAP officials are stated to have considered it problematic, with Joseph Goebbels, publisher of official NSDAP material such as the Völkischer Beobachter, stated to have attempted to completely ban it, and others banning it within their organizations.
Der Stürmer was noted for its cartoons, most of which portrayed Jews with exaggerated facial features and misshapen bodies. Philipp Rupprecht, known as Fips, was a popular cartoonist attacking both "Jewish capitalism" and "Jewish Communism".
At the bottom of the title page there was always the motto Die Juden sind unser Unglück! (The Jews are our misfortune!), coined by Heinrich von Treitschke in the 1880s. Below the nameplate was the motto Deutsches Wochenblatt zum Kampfe um die Wahrheit (Germany's Weekly Newspaper for the Fight for Truth.)
Some cartoons were re-used in the children's book Der Giftpilz.
As with other claims regarding National Socialist Germany, claims made regarding Der Stürmer may be problematic. Hermann Rauschning, author of a fraudulent book describing alleged private conversations with Hitler and that was cited as important evidence at the Nuremberg trials, thus stated that:
- "Anti-Semitism … was beyond question the most important weapon in his (Hitler's) propagandist arsenal, and almost everywhere it was of deadly efficiency. That was why he had allowed Streicher, for example, a free hand. The man’s stuff, too, was amusing, and very cleverly done. Wherever, he wondered, did Streicher get his constant supply of new material? He, Hitler, was simply on thorns to see each new issue of the Stürmer. It was the one periodical that he always read with pleasure, from the first page to the last".
Despite that the book has been proven to be fraudulent, the leftist Wikipedia, among others, continues to quote the above.
- NOT GUILTY AT NUREMBERG: The German Defense Case - Detailed descriptions and criticisms of the alleged evidence against each of the accused at the IMT. The section on "JULIUS STREICHER" also discusses the "Der Stürmer".
- Julius Streicher and His Notorious Anti-Jewish Weekly, Der Stürmer
- Art from Der Stürmer
- How the Jew Hates Der Stürmer by Ernst Hiemer