Aryan or Aryan Race is a term used variably to denote the whole Indo-European peoples or more specifically the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-Europeans. Iran means "land of the Aryans". The German word 'Ehre', which means 'honor', is cognate with 'aryan', which means 'noble'. Ireland is also believed to come from same word root as Iran and Aryan. The Ossetians, an Iranian people, also call their country "Iron", which is cognate with Iran.
Usage in History
The first documented usage of the term Aryan as an ethnic term is dated back to the first millennium BC and during the Achaemenid Empire. Darius the Great (522-486 BC) ordered to write an inscription on his tomb in which he introduces himself as:
- I am Darius the great king, king of kings, king of countries containing all kinds of men, king in this great earth far and wide, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenid, a Persian, son of a Persian, an Aryan, having Aryan lineage.
Demonizing the term after 1945
After the Second World War, the dominant Liberal and Leftist circles in the academic institutions of both Capitalist and Socialist blocks, fearing a rebirth of Nationalism among Aryan peoples, tried to demonize the term and associate it with the alleged crimes of the Third Reich during the war. This collaborated campaign has induced the majority of people into believing falsely that the term Aryan is either a fabricated term with no historical roots or a simple linguistic denotation without any meaningful ethnic background.
It is argued that instead of using the term Aryan, the vague term of Indo-European should be used. But it should be noted that it is exactly the later term which lacks any documented usage throughout history and has been coined relying solely on the geographical limits of the current lands wherein the majority of population speak an Aryan tongue.
The common ancestor of the historical Aryan or Indo-Iranian languages, called Proto-Aryan or the Aryan parent language, can be reconstructed by the methods of historical comparative linguistics. The Indian group or Indo-Aryan (especially Vedic, the language of the Vedas), Avestan, and Old Persian show some remarkable correspondences, especially in the religious language. By comparison of the (Old) Indo-Aryan with the (Old) Iranian languages a Proto-Aryan language can be reconstructed, which must be counted as the most archaic of all Indo-European languages.
The Aryan script is an alphabet which was made according to the order of Darius the Great (522-486 BC). It consists of thirty-six signs indicating syllables and eight ideograms. This alphabet was mainly used for royal inscriptions and the last text in the Aryan script can be dated to the 4th century BC.