Armanism and Ariosophy
Armanism and Ariosophy are the names of two esoteric systems, pioneered by Guido von List and Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels respectively, in Austria between 1890 and 1930, concerning the argued esoteric and occult wisdom of ancient Aryans (Indo-Europeans).
Lanz initially used the terms "Theozoology" and "Ario-Christianity" for his system. The term Ariosophy ("wisdom of the Aryans") is, besides referring specifically to the system developed by Lanz, also often used as a general term for both this system and Armanism and related later esoteric systems.
List called his system Armanism after the Armanen, an argued body of priest-kings in the ancient Aryo-Germanic nation. His conception of the original Aryo-Germanic religion was a form of sun worship. Religious instruction is argued to have been imparted on two levels. The esoteric doctrine (Armanism) was concerned with the secret mysteries reserved for the initiated elite, while the exoteric doctrine (Wotanism) took the form of popular myths intended for the lower social classes. List’s system has been described as gnostic, pantheist and deist.
Various later authors and organizations have further developed these systems.
Rune occultism is sometimes seen as a partly separate system emphasizing the importance and powers of runes.