The Madagascar Plan was proposals by Poland and later by National Socialist Germany to deport the Jewish population of Poland or Europe to the island of Madagascar, located to the east of the African continent.
The idea of deporting Polish Jews to Madagascar was investigated by the Polish government in 1937.
Franz Rademacher, head of the Jewish Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the German government, proposed the deportation of European Jews to Madagascar in June 1940, shortly before the Fall of France. The proposal called for the handing over of control of Madagascar, then a French colony, to Germany, as part of the French surrender terms. However, the plan was not viable during the war due to the transportation difficulties.
According to politically correct history, the plan was replaced by the Holocaust. According to Holocaust revisionists, the plan was replaced by a plan to deport Jews to Poland/the occupied Soviet Union, and with a Jewish expulsion from Europe to occur after the war. See World War II statements argued to support Holocaust revisionism.