Leslie Fry also L. Fry was the pen-name for Louise A. Chandor (February 16, 1882 - July 15, 1970). She is often referred to by her married name Paquita de Shishmareff (also Shishmarev or Paquita Louise "Mady" de Shishmareff ). Fry is primarily known for her authorship of Waters Flowing Eastward, a book which supports the authenticity of The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion.
- 1 Family Background
- 2 The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
- 3 The Story of the Protocols according to Waters Flowing Eastward
- 4 Henry Ford and the Protocols
- 5 Activism
- 6 Edith Starr Miller ( Lady Queenborough )
- 7 Works
- 8 Pamphlets
- 9 References
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
Leslie Fry's maiden name was Louise A. Chandor. She was born in Paris, the daughter of John Arthur Chandor ( 1850-1909 ) and Elizabeth ( Red ) Fry Ralston ( 1837-1929 ). Elizabeth married William Chapman Ralston ( 1826-1875 ) on May 20, 1858 in San Francisco. Soon after their marriage, W. C. Ralston rose to become a San Francisco banking and real estate magnate. In fact, W. C. Ralston became a living legend, who after his death ( and even during his lifetime ) was widely acclaimed as "the man who built San Francisco." However, their marriage was not a happy one, and it finally ended in disaster on August 27, 1875, when William drowned while swimming. After the settlement of her husband's estate, in December 1875 Elizabeth embarked on a steamer to Europe, intending to settle in Paris with her children. It is reported that she first met John Arthur Chandor on this steamer, and that he soon joined her in Paris, even though he had been recently married in New York City. It is not known at this time if J. A. Chandor and Elizabeth ever married, but nevertheless their friendship resulted in the birth of Louise A. Chandor ( pen-name: Leslie Fry ) in Paris on Feb. 16, 1882.
A child of extraordinary mental capacity, Leslie Fry was educated in French convents and British private schools. She married a member of the Russian aristocratic Shishmarev (Shishmareff) family who was a man of rank in the Czar's Army. When the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 was at hand in Russia, Fry's husband sent her with their two sons (along with the family fortune) abroad living in Great Britain, Canada, and the United States. Shortly after Leslie and her sons left Russia her husband was murdered by the Bolsheviks.
Leslie Fry is listed in the 1920 U. S. Federal Census ( under the name Paquita Deshishmareft ) as residing in Westchester County, New York. She moved to California in 1926 and settled in Glendale. It is believed ( this has not been verified yet ) that the author Michael Fry ( who is also listed in the Catalog of the Library of Congress under this name: Shishmareff, Michael Theodore Fry de ) ( Jan. 17, 1910 - July, 1983 ) was one of Leslie's sons and that he is the same person who is listed in the 1920 U. S. Federal Census ( under the name Misha Deshishmareft ) as residing with her in Westchester County, New York. Leslie Fry's extensive anti-communist activities in the 1930s-1950s time period are covered in detail by Glen Jeansonne in Women of the Far Right: The Mothers' Movement and World War II ( 1996 ).
The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
In April 1921 Fry published an article in the French antisemitic journal La Vieille France contending that in reality the Protocols had been written by Asher Zvi Hirsch Ginsberg (Ginzberg) (1856-1927), who was widely known under the name Ahad Ha'am (meaning "one of the people"). This article was translated and published as a booklet in Russian (1922) and German (1923). The antisemitic writer Count Ernst Graf zu Reventlow (1869-1943) read Fry's article and subscribed to her theory of Ginsberg as the author of the Protocols. In August 1921, five days after Philip Perceval Graves (1876-1953) exposed the Protocols as an apparent plagiarism/forgery/hoax in a series of three consecutive anonymous articles (dated August 16-18, 1921) in The Times of London (Graves was the unnamed "Constantinople Correspondent" of The Times who wrote the articles), Reventlow published an article in a German journal in response to Graves' anonymous articles, claiming that Fry was right and that Ginsberg was the actual author of the Protocols. In response to Reventlow's article, Ginsberg granted the Zionist Organization a power-of-attorney to sue Reventlow. The trial opened in March 1923 and ended on April 19, 1923, at which time Reventlow expressed regret for having endorsed Fry's views, declared that his own article's statements were untrue, and agreed to cover the expenses of the trial (150,000 deutschemarks) as well as to publicize the terms of the compromise which had been reached.
The Story of the Protocols according to Waters Flowing Eastward
Leslie Fry's major work, Waters Flowing Eastward, attempts to prove that the Protocols are part of a plot to destroy Christian civilization. According to Fry in Waters Flowing Eastward, the apparent conflict between Communism and Capitalism is merely a smoke-screen for Jewish domination, as outlined in the Protocols. The Protocols, first given to the world at large in 1905 by Sergei A. Nilus, are only the latest known edition of the Jewish leaders' programme for world domination. The story of how that programme finally became exposed to the general public is an interesting one.
The Protocols first emerged from secrecy in 1884 when Justine Glinka ( 1844-1918 ), the daughter of a Russian general, was endeavoring to serve her country by obtaining political information in Paris, which she then communicated to her uncle General Orzhevsky in St. Petersburg. A Jew named Joseph Schorst sold Glinka a copy of the Protocols which eventually found its way into the hands of Sergei Nilus ( 1862-1930 ). In 1902 Nilus published a book in Russian whose title in English is The Great Within the Small and Antichrist, an Imminent Political Possibility. Notes of an Orthodox Believer. The 2nd edition of this book ( under the same title ) was published in 1905, but in the 1905 edition Nilus included a complete version of the Protocols as the final chapter ( chapter 12 ) of the book. This was the first time a complete version of the Protocols had been made available to the general public in book form, in any language.
Henry Ford and the Protocols
Leslie Fry introduced Henry Ford and his editors on The Dearborn Independent to the Protocols a few months after the series of articles on Jewish business practices appeared in the paper. Shortly thereafter an analysis of the Protocols appeared in the Dearborn Independent.
Leslie Fry’s political activism in the United States was largely focused on uniting various nationalist groups in America into one entity. To do this she at times employed several nationalist leaders to work on her behalf.
On August 6, 1938 Leslie Fry organized a three day anti-Communism convention in California which was similar to the Asheville Conference held in North Carolina in 1936. The convention was held at the headquarters of the German American Bund in Los Angeles and had close to 200 persons in attendance. In the 1930s she published the Christian Free Press which was issued both in Great Britain and the United States representing the group Militant Christian Patriots.
In 1939 Mrs. Fry once asked her associate Henry Allen to meet with Hiram Evans a national leader of the Ku Klux Klan to arrange the purchases of the group's copyrights and mailing lists for $75,000. She wanted the Klan to become more active and militant on a national level especially in California. Mrs. Fry indicated to Allen that she thought she could raise the money. Henry Allen’s conversation with the Klan leader focused upon the revival of the Klan in California but no offer to purchase a membership list was actually made.
In 1940 Fry was subpoenaed to appear and testify before the Dies Committee. She avoided the hearing by fleeing to Italy. After the attack on Pearl Harbor she returned to America aboard the S.S. Drottningholm and was interned on Ellis Island at an American concentration camp for the duration of the war.
Great Sedition Trial
In 1943 she was indicted for sedition. The following year the Great Sedition Trial was held but charges against her were dropped. Tony Blizzard a protégé of Leslie Fry in the early 1960s explaines some of the reasons why the prosecutors dropped the charges against her.
- One of the reasons they dropped the indictment against Mady was precisely because they knew they were dealing with a very sharp lady with a great deal of brain power. A woman of the old school, Mady would never put herself in the forefront, but she knew how to use the strengths of the men around her. She also was a woman of some means—unlike most of the other defendants—and was a formidable opponent.
- The government clearly decided that it was in their best interests to dismiss the case against her. There was no way they could ever make “Nazis” out of all of these defendants, whose only real “crime” was exposing Jewish power as long as Mady was on the dock with the rest of them.
- The prosecutors knew quite well, although it was not widely known then nor is it widely known today, that it was Mady who had supplied Henry Ford virtually all of the information that Ford had published in his controversial series about Jewish power in The Dearborn Independent. With her wide-ranging, high-level connections, Mady was an encyclopedic storehouse of inside information about the power elite.
- The last thing the prosecution wanted was for Mady to take the stand. By releasing her as a defendant, they eliminated, to them, what was a very frightening possibility.
In 1962 she headed the California League of Christian Parents of San Bernardino publishing pamphlets advocating placing Christian values back in public schools. As Mrs. P. de Shishmareff she was also associated with the Christian Patriotic Rally.
Her address was 328 North Louise Street, Glendale, California.
Edith Starr Miller ( Lady Queenborough )
Leslie Fry was a friend and associate of Edith Starr Miller ( Lady Queenborough ) ( July 16, 1887 - Jan. 16, 1933 ). For ten years they reviewed Nesta H. Webster's ( 1876-1960 ) research, but concluded ( differently from Webster ) that British Grand Lodge Masonry was deeply involved with the occult. The result of their collaboration was the work Occult Theocrasy ( 2 vols., Paris, 1933 )
- Akhad-Kham, Asher Gint︠s︡berg.
- Taĭnyĭ vozhdʹ īudeĭskīĭ.: Perevod s frantsuzskago
- [of Miss L. Fry by Th. Vinberg, being an attempt to prove
- the "Protokoly Sīonskikh Mudret︠s︡ov"
- published in a work by S. A. Nilus
- to be a work by U. Ginzberg].
- by Leslie Fry; Thedor Viktorovich Vinberg
- Type: Microform
- Language: Russian
- Publisher: Berlin, 1922.
- OCLC: 84780936
- System number 002659956
- Author - personal NILUS, Sergei Aleksandrovich.
- Title Протоколы Сіонскихъ Мудрецовъ, по тексту С. А. Нилуса. Всемирный тайный заговоръ.
- [The text of the “Protocols” adapted from M. Joly’s
- “Dialogue aux Enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ... par un Contemporain”
- taken from S. A. Nilus’s Великое въ Маломъ,
- preceded by Miss L. Fry’s Ахадъ-Хамъ.
- Тайный вождь іудейскій in Th. Vinberg’s translation,
- being an attempt to prove the “Protocols” to be a work by U. Ginzberg,
- with a preface to the whole by A. Rogovich.
- With this there are two cuttings from “The Times” and one from “Послѣднія Извѣстія” on the subject.
- With an illustration.]
- Publisher/year Linkpp. 124. Берлинъ, 1922.
- Physical descr. 8º.
- Added name FRY, Leslie.
- GINZBERG, Asher Zvi.
- JOLY, Maurice.
- ROGOVICH, A.
- VINBERG, Thedor Viktorovich.
- Holdings ( All ) Details
- Shelfmark C.37.ee.2. Request
- Waters Flowing Eastward 
- 1st Edition ( Paris: Editions R.I.S.S., 1931 )
- 2nd Edition Revised 1933
- 3rd Edition Revised 1934
- 4th Edition Revised 1953
- 5th Edition Enlarged 1965 Subtitle: The War Against the Kingship of Christ, ( Denis Fahey's imprint )
- 6th Edition 1988 ( Copyright 1988 Flanders Hall Publishers )
- 7th Edition 1998
- Current  Web edition .
- In Defense of Youth
- Will the University of California be Seized by Communists?
- Planned Economy (1941) 34 pages
- The New Order
- California Betrayed
- Who Put Hitler in Power
- Interfaith (1954)
- The Law of Liberty (1963)
- An Analysis of Zionism
- The Jews and the British Empire (1935)
- California Betrayed, The Factual Story About Communist Spies and How to Free Them, ''The Factfinder, 1951
- In The Defence of Youth, Criminals and Victims, Keep America Committee, undated
- Planned Economy, National and International, Militant Christian Patriots, circa 1950s
- See the article "Fry, Leslie ( Louise Chandor-Shishmareff )" by Michael Hagemeister, in Handbuch des Antisemitismus 1. A-K ( München Saur, 2009 ), ed. by Wolfgang Benz.
- http://magazines.russ.ru/nlo/2009/96/ha12-pr.html - Scroll down until you arrive at the phrase "Louise Chandor" in footnote #3 on page 4 ( which refers to information in paragraph #6 on page 1 )
- http://www.degruyter.de/files/pdf/9783598240720Inhaltsverzeichnis.pdf - Scroll down to view the following entries: (1) Chandor-Shishmareff, Louise ====> Fry, Leslie (2) Fry, Leslie (3) Schischmarjowa, Louise ( geb. Chandor ) ====> Fry, Leslie (4) Shishmareff, Paquita de ====> Fry, Leslie
- John Arthur Chandor ( Jan. 18, 1850 - June 1, 1909 ) - U. S. diplomat, inventor, and adventurer. He was born in Manhattan, New York, and died in Kensington, Greater London, England. In the early 1880s he held the diplomatic post of Second Secretary at the U. S. Embassy in Paris, France. John's date of death is recorded in the Principal Probate Registry. Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England ( London, England - Crown copyright ), in the volume for year 1912, page 355. The complete statement there on page 355 concerning him is as follows: "Chandor, John Arthur - Of 5 Abingdon Court, Kensington, Middlesex, died on June 1, 1909. Administration ( limited ): London, November 11  to Reginald Mortimer Chandor, publisher, and attorney of Adeline Augusta Chandor ( John's widow ). Effects: 1317 ( pounds sterling ) and 10s." See the following websites for additional documentation on J. A. Chandor: ( https://familysearch.org/search/recordDetails/show?uri=https://api.familysearch.org/records/pal:/MM9.1.r/9W2W-5BF/p1 ) and ( https://familysearch.org/search/recordDetails/show?uri=https://api.familysearch.org/records/pal:/MM9.1.r/MY92-C7N/p4 ) and ( https://familysearch.org/search/recordDetails/show?uri=https://api.familysearch.org/records/pal:/MM9.1.r/18GG-FY8/p_10242025121 )
- Elizabeth ( Red ) Fry Ralston ( usually referred to simply as 'Elizabeth Fry Ralston' or 'Lizzie Fry Ralston' )( Nov. 9, 1837 - Nov. 30, 1929 ) - Born in Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois. Her parents were James Red ( July 22, 1814 - Nov. 17, 1857 ) and Edna Fry. Edna Fry's brother was the famous San Francisco mining and banking magnate John Douglas Fry ( July 1, 1819 - Feb. 3, 1901 ). When Elizabeth was about 10 years old she was adopted by J. D. Fry, who was her maternal uncle. After Fry adopted her, Elizabeth started using 'Fry' ( instead of 'Red' ) as her surname. J. D. Fry moved to California ( from Greene County, Illinois ) in 1849, and Elizabeth joined him in California as soon as he had established himself in business there. On May 20, 1858, Elizabeth married William Chapman Ralston ( Jan. 12, 1826 - Aug. 27, 1875 ) in San Francisco ( See: http://www.yosemite.ca.us/library/ralston-fry_wedding/ ). In March 1867 William and Elizabeth separated temporarily - Elizabeth spent 10 months in France, accompanied only by her 3 living children and 2 maids ( See: http://timelines.ws/cities/SF_A_1892.HTML - Scroll down to the entry dated 1867 March about William Ralston and his wife 'Lizzie'). In 1869 she also spent several months in Europe - again without her husband. During her 1869 European excursion, rumors spread of a romance between Lizzie and artist John O'Brien Inman ( 1828-1896 ), who had a studio in Rome. When Elizabeth returned to the U. S., she had another child by W. C. Ralston, a daughter named Bertha Ralston ( March 28, 1872 - Oct. 30, 1960 ). Bertha married Louis Victor Bright ( 1863-1933 ), a Manhattan lawyer and banker. W. C. Ralston died by drowning on Aug. 27, 1875. After the settlement of her husband's estate, in December 1875 Elizabeth traveled with her children by steamer to Paris, where she intended to settle permanently. An article which appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle ( issue of Nov. 27, 1877 ) ( see below ) reports that Elizabeth first met John Arthur Chandor onboard this steamer during her December 1875 voyage to Paris. Surviving her husband W. C. Ralston by some 54 years, Elizabeth eventually returned to the U. S. and lived for many years in a peaceful little cottage in the foothill country near Georgetown, El Dorado County, California. She died at age 92 in San Francisco. Elizabeth's husband, William Chapman Ralston, Sr. ( 1826-1875 ), was buried in the Lone Mountain Cemetery ( renamed the Laurel Hill Cemetery ) in San Francisco. Elizabeth Fry Ralston was cremated, and her cremains are inurned in a columbarium vault at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park ( Colma, San Mateo County, California ). She shares this columbarium vault ( located in Garden E, Section 5 ) with 9 other family members and close relatives (to date ), namely: Samuel Fry Ralston ( 1859-1888 ), Etna Louise Ralston ( 1860-1862 ), William Chapman Ralston, Jr. ( 1863-1924 ), unnamed Page ( d. 1893 ), Edwin Page ( d. 1921 ), Arthur Page ( 1855-1923 ), Arthur Ralston Page ( 1895-1975 ), Florence Page ( d. 1981 ), and Charles Page Buckingham ( d. 2000 ). To view a photo of W. C. Ralston, Sr., an updated list of William and Elizabeth's children, plus a good photo of the exterior of Elizabeth's shared columbarium vault at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park, see: ( http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=26231568 ).
- See: ( http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F00F14FA3C5A127B93C7A91789D95F438784F9 ) ( "A Tale of Two Continents; Strange Infatuation of a Widow. Painful Developments Growing Out of the Demand for a Reopening of the Settlement of the Dead Banker Ralston's Estate -- The Mystery of the English 'Lord' and his Bear Explained," New York Times ( issue of Dec. 5, 1877 ) ( based on an article from the San Francisco Chronicle, issue of Nov. 27, 1877 )
- Women of the Far Right: The Mothers' Movement and World War II, By Glen Jeansonne, page 228
- Yuliana Dmitrievna Glinka ( 1844-1918 )
- General Dmitri Feodorovich Glinka
- Lieutenant-General Petr Vasilevich Orzhevsky ( or Pyotr Vasilyevich Orzhevsky, Orgevsky, or Orgewsky, sometimes misspelled Orzheyevsky ) ( 1839-1897) - Senator; Assistant Minister of the Interior and Commander of the Gendarme Corps ( 1882-1887 ); Governor-General of Vilna, Grodno and Kovno, Lithuania ( 1893-1897 ) - Orzhevsky was Justine Glinka's uncle.
- Sergei Aleksandrovich Nilus ( Aug. 25, 1862 - Jan. 1, 1930 )
- Velikoe v malom i antikhrist, kak blizkaia politicheskaia vozmozhnost. Zapiski pravostavnogo ( Tsarskoe Selo, Tip.: Tsarskosel'skago Komiteta Krasnago Kresta, 1905 )
- Henry Ford Invents a Jewish Conspiracy
- Testimony of Henry D. Allen, August 22, 1939, before the House of Un-American Activities Committee, page 4091
- Testimony of Henry D. Allen, August 22, 1939, before the House of Un-American Activities Committee, page 3994
- Southern Exposure, page 170
- Women of the far right: the mothers' movement and World War II, by Glen Jeansonne, p. 229
- Women of the Far Right: The Mothers' Movement and World War II, By Glen Jeansonne, page 234
- Cross-Currents by Arnold Foster and Benjanin R. Epstein, page 174
- Nesta Helen Webster ( Mrs. Arthur Webster ) ( maiden name: Nesta Helen Beven ) ( Aug. 24, 1876 - May 16, 1960 )
- Waters Flowing Eastward, About the Author
- Militant Christian Patriots
- Christian Patriotic Rally
- American League of Christian Women
- Frances Maxey also known as Mrs. Faith McCullough
- Henry Allen
- Fyodor Viktorovich Vinberg
- Harry A. Jung
- Nancy Applewhite
- Elizabeth Jewett
- Victor E. Marsden
- Nesta Helen Webster
- List of witnesses to Bolshevik terror
- Waters Flowing Eastward, by L. Fry .
- Photograph of Mrs. Leslie Fry with Henry D. Allen, Conrad Chapman, and Mr. Gurin in 1937 
- Photograph Source: California State University, Northridge, Oviatt Library, Special Collections and Archives 
- Biographical information on Leslie Fry from Tony Blizzard
- A Bolshevistic page with some information