Kurt von Manteuffel

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Kurt von Manteuffel
Kurt von Manteuffel I.jpg
Birth name Kurt Ernst August Friedrich Freiherr von Manteuffel
Birth date 4 February 1853(1853-02-04)
Place of birth Genthin, Province of Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia, German Confederation
Death date 26 February 1922 (aged 69)
Place of death Berlin, Free State of Prussia, German Reich
Allegiance  Prussia
 German Empire
Service/branch War and service flag of Prussia (1895–1918).png Prussian Army
Iron Cross of the Luftstreitkräfte.png Imperial German Army
Years of service 1870–1916
Rank General of the Infantry
Battles/wars Franco-German War
World War I
Relations ∞ 1886 Elise Hedwig von Wolff
Other work Curator of the Kaiserin-Augusta-Hospital in Berlin (c. 1917–1921)

Kurt Ernst August Friedrich Freiherr von Manteuffel (4 February 1853 – 26 February 1922) was a German officer of the Prussian Army and the Imperial German Army, finally a highly decorated General der Infanterie (General of the Infantry) in World War I

Military career (chronology)

Career data
  • 30 August to 19 September 1870 Joined the replacement battalion of the 2. Magdeburgisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 27 as a young war volunteer (Kriegsfreiwilliger)
  • 10 October 1870 Commanded to his mobile regiment at the front in France (Franco-German War)
  • 24 November 1879 Adjutant of the 2. Magdeburgisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 27
    • 19 September to 6 October 1881 General Staff exercise maturity with the IV. Armee-Korps
    • 1883 During the practice maneuvers of the 4. Armee-Korps in front of the Kaiser, Premierleutnant von Manteuffel was delegated with the task of leading the foreign officers.
  • 1 May 1884 Commanded (kommandiert) to the Prussian Great General Staff (Großer Generalstab)
  • 14 April 1885 Officially transferred to the Prussian Great General Staff
  • 29 December 1885 Commanded to the General Staff of the VII. Armee-Korps
  • 15 April 1886 Return to the Prussian Great General Staff
  • 9 May 1888 Commanded to the General Staff of the 9. Division
  • 21 September 1889 Commander of the 1st Company/Füsilier-Regiment „General-Feldmarschall Prinz Albrecht von Preußen“ (Hannoversches) Nr. 73
  • 20 September 1890 Transferred to the General Staff of the 25. Division
  • 14 February 1895 Commander of the III. (Füsilier-)Bataillon/4. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
  • 17 December 1896 Chief of the General Staff of the III. Armee-Korps in Berlin
  • 1 April 1898 Head of the 6th Department of the Prussian Great General Staff
  • 18 April 1901 Commander of the Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 5 in Spandau
  • 27 January 1903 Commander of the 14. Infanterie-Brigade in Halberstadt
  • 24 April 1904 Commander of the 38. Infanterie-Division in Erfurt (replaced Georg von Kleist)
  • 7 July 1909 Director of the Prussian War Academy in Berlin (replaced Friedrich von Flatow)
  • 31 March 1913 Placed at disposal (zur Disposition gestellt), de facto retired, Erich von Gündell took over the War Academy


  • 2 August 1914 Stellvertretender Generalstabschef (Deputy Chief, Great General Staff HQ)
  • 4 January 1915 Deputy Commanding General of the XIV. Armeekorps in Karlsruhe (Stellvertretender KG) replacing Hans Gaede[1]
  • 4 August 1916 Retired after 46 years of devoted service


Kurt was the son of Kurt Ernst Freiherr von Manteuffel (1804–1890), Prussian privy councilor and district court director in Wittenberg, and his wife Anna Amalie Therese, née von Schönberg aus dem Hause Wittgensdorf (1819–1855), who dies eight months after the birth of her third child. Kurt's siblings were:

  • Hans Ernst August Friedrich (b. 30 June 1848 in Genthin; d. 28 June 1901 in Bimöhlen, Holstein), Premier-Leutnant a. D.[2]
  • Joachim Ernst August Friedrich (b. 21 February 1850 in Genthin; d. 19 February 1899 in Bernburg), Hauptmann a. D., tax office assessor (Duchy of Anhalt)
    • ∞ 30 April 1895 in Pyrmont Auguste Scholing (b. 9 May 1860 in Kassel), 1 son, Joachim (b. 31 december 1898 in Bernburg),[3] Fähnrich in WWI
  • Martha Amalie Karoline Anna (b. 1 April 1855 in Genthin; d. between 1914 and 1918), canoness (Stiftsdame) of the freiweltlich-adeliges evangelisches Fräuleinstift Joachimstein zu Radmeritz near Görlitz


On 12 May 1886, Hauptmann Freiherr von Manteuffel married his fiancée Elise Hedwig von Wolff (b. 1 August 1862 at Schloß Groß-Furra; d. 27 January 1940 in Lübben), the daughter of the President of the German Empire Court of Accounts (Rechnungshof des Deutschen Reiches) Arthur von Wolff and Elise, née von Wurmb from the House Groß-Furra. The marriage produced four children:

  • Margarete Anna Elise (b. 22 April 1887 in Münster in Westfalen; d. 8 June 1975 in München)
    • ⚭ 20 January 1915 in Berlin attorney and later syndic (Landessyndikus) Erich Rudolf von Mosch (b. 4 November 1879 in Berlin; 26 April 1945 in Lübben); Erich, who ownded Gut Kulm (Kreis Sorau) since 1932, sent his family to the west but stayed as a member of the Volkssturm to fight against the Red Army. They had five children:
      • Henning Kurt Erich Rudolf (b. 29 November 1915 in Berlin), Leutnant der Reserve of the Wehrmacht, severely wounded, died on 21 May 1945 in the Lazarett Forstschule, Teplitz-Schönau
      • Hans (1917–2002)
      • Erich Kurt (b. 6 December 1919 in Berlin-Wilmersdorf), Oberleutnant der Wehrmacht (possibly Infanterie-Regiment 9), on 11 December 1941 in Choroschilowo
      • Erika (1922–2014)
      • Martin Georg Erich Heinrich von Mosch (b. 31 October 1930 in Lübben; d. 20 October 2014 in Rottach-Egern), Regierungspräsident Dr. h. c.[4]
  • Henning Kurt Arthur Wilhelm (b. 18 January 1889 in Glogau), Oberleutnant in the 1. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß, severely wounded on 22 February 1915 in Gralewo, died the next day on 23 February 1915
    • ⚭ 20 May 1911 in Chursdorf Annemarie Neander von Petersheiden, 2 children (Christoph Kurt Erich Henning and Mathilde Anna Elise Wanda Hedwig); Widow Annemarie married on 4 September 1918 court clerk (Gerichtsassessor beim Preußischen Oberverwaltungsgericht) Oberleutnant der Reserve Richard Vesper (I. Garde-Reserve-Regiment)
  • Kurt Otto Edwin (b. 19 January 1890 in Hannover), Leutnant in the 4. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß, on 28 August 1914 near Saint-Quentin, northern France[5]
  • Hedwig Ernestine Martha (b. 19 May 1893 in Darmstadt; d. 29 October 1893 ibid)[6]


  • 30 August 1870 War Volunteer and Avantageur (Officer Candidate)
  • 8 April 1871 Portepee-Fähnrich (Officer Cadet)
  • 9 March 1872 Sekonde-Lieutenant (2nd Lieutenant)
  • 16 September 1881 Premier-Lieutenant (1st Lieutenant)
  • 15 October 1885 Hauptmann (Captain)
  • 20 September 1890 Major with Patent from 23 May 1890
  • 12 September 1896 Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel)
  • 25 March 1899 Oberst (Colonel)
  • 27 January 1903 Generalmajor
  • 16 October 1906 Generalleutnant
  • 7 April 1911 Charakter als General der Infanterie (honorary rank)

Awards and decorations

October 1912
  • War Commemorative Medal of 1870–1871 (Kaiserliche Kriegsdenkmünze 1870/71; KD70/71) with one battle clasp
  • Red Eagle Order (Roter Adlerorden), 4th Class
  • Military Merit Order (Bavaria), Knight's Cross II. Class (BMV3b)
    • as of Rangliste 1906 re-classified as 4th Class (BMV4)
  • Belgian Leopold-Orden, Knight's Cross (BL4)
  • Order of the Crown of Italy, Knight's Cross (JK5)
  • Franz-Joseph-Orden, Knight's Cross (ÖFJ3/ÖFJ3a/ÖFJ4)
  • Portuguese Military Order of Christ, Knight's Cross (PC3)
  • Russian Order of Saint Anna (Sankt-Annen-Orden), 3rd Class (RA3)
  • Prussian Long Service Cross for 25 years (Königlich Preußisches Dienstauszeichnungskreuz; DA)
  • Order of the Crown (Preußischer Kronenorden), III. Class
  • Order of Philip the Magnanimous (Verdienstorden Philipps des Großmüthigen), Knight's Cross 1st Class (GHVP3a/HP3a)
  • Saxon Albrechts-Orden, Officer's Cross (SA3)
  • Prussian Centenary Medal 1897 (Zentenarmedaille)
  • Swedish Royal Order of the Sword, Commander II. Class (SS2b) on 4 November 1897
  • Red Eagle Order, 3rd Class with the Bow
  • Friedrichs-Orden, Commander's Cross (Kommenturkreuz) 2nd Class (WF2b)
  • Prussian Order of the Crown, 2nd Class
  • Albrechts-Orden of Saxony, Commander (Komtur) 2nd Class (SA2b)
  • Order of the Iron Crown (Austria), 2nd Class (ÖEK2)
  • Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav, Commander II. Class (NO2b)
  • Spanish Cross of Military Merit, 3rd Class (SMV3)
  • Commander's Cross of the Italian Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (JM3)
  • Imperial Persien Order of the Lion and the Sun, Grand Officer's Cross (PL2)
  • Red Eagle Order, 2nd Class with Oak Leaves
  • Saxe-Ernestine House Order, Commander 1st Class (HSH2a)
  • Fürstlich Schwarzburgisches Ehrenkreuz, I. Class with the Crown (SEK1mKr)
  • Star to his Red Eagle Order 2nd Class with Oak Leaves
  • Fürstlich Reußisches Ehrenkreuz, 1st Class with the Crown (REKj1mKr)
  • Order of the White Falcon (Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach), Grand Cross (GSF1)
  • Saxe-Ernestine House Order, Grand Cross (HSH1)
  • Prussian Order of the Crown, 1st Class
  • Albrechts-Orden of Saxony, Grand Cross (SA1)
  • Chinese Order of the Double Dragon, 2nd Class, 1st Grade (CDII.1)
  • Friedrichs-Orden, Grand Cross (WF1)


Further reading