Joe Slovo (23 May 1926 – 6 January 1995), born Yossel Mashel Slovo, was a Jewish South African Communist. He was a long-time leader and theorist in the South African Communist Party (SACP), a leading member of the African National Congress (ANC), and a commander of the ANC's military wing Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK).
He lived in exile from 1963 to 1990, organizing ANC operations, including terrorism, against South Africa, such as the Church Street bombing.
After the elections of 1994, he became Minister for Housing in Nelson Mandela's government. He died of cancer in 1995.