Edgar Julius Jung
Edgar Julius Jung (6 March 1894 – 1 July 1934) was a German lawyer and part of the Conservative Revolutionary movement.
At the onset of World War I, Jung voluntarily joined the German army and reached the rank of lieutenant. After the war, he joined a Freikorps and participated in the suppression of the Bavarian Soviet Republic.
Jung also participated in the resistance against the French occupation of the Rhineland, during which he, with the approval of the Bavarian government, led a group that assassinated Franz Josef Heinz, a participant in a French supported separatist movement.
"Jung's opposition to Hitler took a more concerted form in early 1934 when he undertook extensive travels throughout Germany to develop a network of Conservative supporters who would assist in overthrowing the Hitler regime. Jung even contemplated personally assassinating Hitler, though fears that this drastic action might disqualify him from assuming a leading role in the new leadership after the Nazi dictatorship caused him to adopt the academic alternative of writing another speech for Papen".
In 1934, Jung wrote the anti-NSDAP Marburg speech that was delivered on 17 June by Papen at the University of Marburg. The speech was banned from being printed in the press. Jung was arrested and later killed during the Night of the Long Knives.
Jung was critical of both the Weimar Republic and National Socialism. "Jung wrote a critique of the Nazi phenomenon in his Sinndeutung der deutschen Revolution (1933), which reiterated his accusations of Liberalism and democratism, while stressing that, "the aim of the national revolution must be the depoliticization of the masses and their exclusion from the leadership of the state". Jung called for a new state based on religion and a universalist worldview. Not the masses but a new nobility, or a self-conscious elite, should inform the new government, and Christianity must be the moral force behind the state. Society itself must be organized hierarchically and beyond the confines of nationalism even though it should be based on "an indestructible völkisch foundation from which the völkisch struggle can form". The reference to going beyond the limits of Nationalism was of course prompted by his desire to reinstitute a federalistic pan-European Reich. Jung's Conservatism was also distinguished by its call for the creation of an elective monarchy and the appointment of an imperial regent as the focus of the new Germanic European Reich."
- The Neo-Conservative Reich of Edgar Julius Jung http://thescorp.multics.org/19jung.html