Charles Alan Murray (born January 8, 1943) is an American political scientist, sociologist, and author. Since 1990, Murray has been a fellow of the American Enterprise Institute, a right-wing think tank. He identifies as a libertarian.
Over his career he has published dozens of books and articles. His book Losing Ground: American Social Policy 1950–1980 (1984), which discussed the American welfare system, was widely read and discussed, and influenced government policy.
Later books include Human Accomplishment: The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950 (2003), Coming Apart: The State of White America, 1960–2010 (2012), and Human Diversity: The Biology of Gender, Race, and Class (2020).