Charles Augustus Lindbergh (4 February 1902 – 26 August 1974) was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, and activist. He is one of the best-known figures in aeronautical history, remembered for the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1932, Lindbergh’s son was kidnapped. A ransom was paid, but he was found murdered. This became the most famous crime of the 1930s. Tracing the ransom money, the murderer was eventually found, sentenced, and executed.
Before the United States entered World War II, Lindbergh was an advocate of non-interventionism. He supported the anti-war America First Committee and resigned his commission in the U.S. Army Air Forces in April 1941 after President Franklin Roosevelt publicly rebuked him for his views. In September 1941, Lindbergh gave an address stating that the British, the Jews and the Roosevelt administration were the "three most important groups" pressing for greater American involvement in the war. He also said capitalists, intellectuals, American Anglophiles, and communists were all agitating for war. Lindbergh publicly supported the U.S. war effort after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the subsequent German declaration of war against the United States.
In his later years, Lindbergh became a prolific author, international explorer, inventor, and environmentalist. He was also a eugenics supporter.