British Fascism

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File:East london march.png
Members of the British Union of Fascists marching through East London

British Fascism was a viable political movement that arose in the 1920s in Great Britain initially inspired by Benito Mussolini’s Italian fascist political party. Later in the 1930s Hitler’s National Socialist movement was a great influence on British fascist parties.

The group, British Fascists, (also called British Fascisti) was the first fascist organization to appear in Britain. It was formed in 1923 by Miss Rotha Lintorn-Orman when she placed an advert in a popular right wing newspaper called The Patriot seeking anti-communist supporters interested in starting a new political party.

The next year, the more radical members left the organization and formed the National Fascisti. Leading members of this group Arnold Leese and William Joyce would go on to start the Imperial Fascist League (1929) and the National Socialist League (1937).

In 1932 former Member of Parliament Oswald Mosley united several smaller fascist parties and formed the British Union of Fascists arguably the most successful of British fascist organizations. These parties continued to grow until World War II when Great Britain imposition Defense Regulation 18B banning the organizations and interning the leaders in detention camps.

See also