Black liberation theology
Black liberation theology is a theological perspective, found in some Black churches in the United States, which interprets Christianity from a pro-Black perspective.
Controversial aspects include claims that Whites have corrupted Christianity, that God would favor Blacks for reasons such as the Blacks being the oppressed, and comparing the United States to Ancient Egypt and predicting that oppressed people will soon be led to a promised land. Some aspects have been seen as a form of Black supremacism.
Some critics have interpreted the language of "economic parity" and references to "mal-distribution" as being influenced by Marxism and creating an ideological system of oppressor class versus a victim class much like Marxism. Similar claims have been made for Latin American liberation theology although without the racial aspect.
The National Review has criticized Black liberation theology and in particular some more radical views such as those advocated in the 1969 book Black Theology and Black Power: "The black intellectual’s goal, says Cone, is to “aid in the destruction of America as he knows it.” Such destruction requires both black anger and white guilt. The black-power theologian’s goal is to tell the story of American oppression so powerfully and precisely that white men will “tremble, curse, and go mad, because they will be drenched with the filth of their evil.” In the preface to his 1970 book, A Black Theology of Liberation, Wright wrote: “There will be no peace in America until whites begin to hate their whiteness, asking from the depths of their being: ‘How can we become black?'” So what exactly is “black power”? Echoing Malcolm X, Cone defines it as “complete emancipation of black people from white oppression by whatever means black people deem necessary.” Open, violent rebellion is very much included in “whatever means”".
The "Trinity United Church of Christ" in Chicago is a frequently cited as one example of a church formally founded on the vision of Black liberation theology. The 2008 Rev. Jeremiah A. Wright, Jr. controversy, over alleged racism and anti-Americanism in Wright's sermons and statements, caused then-Senator Barack Obama to distance himself from his former pastor.