Jewish influence

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The extent of Jewish influence has been remarkably large in many countries.[1]

The world's Jewish population has, according to a report in June 2015, become almost as large as it was in 1939.[2]

Contents

Antiquity

It has been argued that the so-called Jewish homeland, Judea etc., "has throughout history only been the seat of an independent national state for a few centuries in all. No great material discovery was ever made there; no characteristic form of art was ever developed within its borders, and, except in the realms of politics and religion, its thought has been neglible."[3]

Kevin MacDonald has argued that the historical record supports that after the failed rebellions against the Romans during the 1st and 2nd century, Jews achieved a very prominent economic position in the Roman Empire and to have dominated some industries. He writes that "Juster (1914, 305ff) notes that Jews were very prominent in certain sectors of the Roman economy, including the slave trade, banking, national and international trade, and the law. Jews had also developed monopolies in specific industries, including silk, clothing, glassware, and the trade in luxury items. Moreover, Juster (p. 312) directly connects the intensification of these economic developments in the 4th century with an increase in popular anti-Semitism, as well as with the accusations of the Church fathers during this period that Jews were characterized by avarice and cupidity. Indeed, despite the restrictions on Jews which began during this period, Juster notes that Jews completely dominated national and international trade and especially the slave trade in the 5th and 6th centuries.

This view of the continuing economic power of Jews in the 5th and 6th century is highly compatible with Bachrach 's (1985) suggestion that the Jews were so wealthy, powerful, and aggressive that until around the middle of the 5th century the government viewed a strong anti-Jewish policy as not politically viable, even though it was continually being pressured in this direction by the Church. The rather limited anti-Jewish actions of the government during the 150 years following the Edict of Toleration of 313 are interpreted “as attempts to protect Christians from a vigorous, powerful, and often aggressive Jewish gens” (Bachrach 1985, 408). The Jews themselves were perceived by the emperors, the government, and the Church fathers as “an aggressive, well-organized, wealthy, and powerful minority” (p. 408). Particularly revealing are the suggestion that the solvency of the municipalities depended on Jews paying their taxes and the fear that offending the Jews could set off widespread and costly revolts, such as the one led by Patricius in 351."[4][5]

Austria

Historical influence

Jews made up 2.8% of the population in 1934.[6]

During various years during the 1873-1910 period Jews made up 40% of the directors of the public banks, 70% of the members of Vienna Stock Exchange, 62% of lawyers, 50% of doctors, 57% of journalists, 25% of university faculty members, and 50% of directors who had directorships in more than 7 industrial companies simultaneously.[1]

During various years during the 1918-1929 period, 23.7% of professors, 55% of jewellers, 71% of booksellers, 35% of shoe manufacturers and 45% of hat manufacturers were Jews.[1]

Brazil

Jews made up 0.1% of the population in 1937, with an estimated number of 55,000 (an increase of 5,000 since 1935).[7]

  • Joseph Safra, a Lebanese Jew, whose family had banking connections in the Ottoman Empire. The Safra family moved to Brazil in 1952. In 1955, Joseph's 23-year-old brother, Edmond, and his father, Jacob, started work in Brazil by financing assets in São Paulo. Edmond later separated from his brothers Joseph and Moise and headed to New York where he founded the Republic National Bank of New York (which he sold to HSBC in 1999). Joseph founded Banco Safra in 1955 and today it is reportedly the 6th largest private bank in Brazil. He remains the Chairman of the Safra Group offering banking services throughout Europe, North and South America. On 12 April 2016 Joseph was reported as having been arrested on a range of corruption charges.[8]

France

In 1840 there were only 70,000 Jews in France, two thirds of whom lived in Alsace. In 1870 there were 24,000 Jews in Paris.[9] From this point on Jewish immigration constantly increased the numbers.[10] Jews were 0.2% of the population in 1890; 0.6% in 1935[11]; 0.8% in 1940. The independence of French North Africa brought an influx of 145,000 Jews from Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, bringing the total in France to 360,000 in the 1960s rising to 535,000 a decade later.[12]. In 2002 Jews in France were said to be 0.86% of the population.[1] Some sources give the Jewish population in France today as between 600,000 and 750,000.[13]

In the middle of the 19th century about a third of the banks were run and owned by Jews. The Rothschilds were almost certainly the richest family in France during the 19th and 20th centuries. In the 1930s an estimated 15% of doctors were Jews. In 1895 one deputy in the French Parliament asked "what measures the government intends to take to stop the predominance of Jews in various branches of the French administration". Since 1945, at least six Jews have been the Prime Ministers.[1]

According to the Jewish-Israeli nationalist website “Terre Promise,” Jews are massively over-represented among the 500 richest Frenchmen: three out of the top 20 (15%), nine of the top 50 (18%), 23 out of the top 50 (18%), 23 of the top 200 (11.5%) and 44 out of the top 500 (8.8%).[14]

There are numerous other statements on very large Jewish over-representations and influence on many aspects of French society.[14][15][16][17][18][19]

During the 19th century numerous changes increased their influence, including their admittance into the Freemasonry lodges of France.[20] In 1895 Édouard Drumont's newspaper La Libre Parole organised a competition on how best Jewish power in France could be annihilated (the two prize-winners and the two runners-up were Roman Catholic priests).[21] During the early years of the 20th century many hundreds of immigrant Jews joined the Communist Party,[22] which at its peak in the 1930s/40s had 6,000,000 votes and many deputies and ministers as well as owning at least two large-circulation mainstream newspapers.[23] Both Admiral François Darlan and Otto Abetz both claimed that the so-called 'Resistance' in France 1940-44 "was essentially communist", and contained many Jews[24] such as the historian Marc Bloch, the anthropologist Anatole Lewitsky, and J.P.Levy. In addition large numbers of Jews were in the Maquis terrorist group.[25]

France also had numerous parliamentary deputies who were Jewish including:

  • Michel Goudchaux, Minister of Finance in the 1848 government.[26]
  • Isaac Crémieux, Minister of Justice in the 1848 government; and again in the 1871 post-Napoleon III government when he was responsible for giving full French citizenship to the 44,000 Jews of Algeria.[27]
  • Alfred Naquet, extreme-left deputy responsible for the law allowing divorce in 1884.[28]
  • Leon Blum, a socialist and thrice Prime Minister of France.
  • Georges Mandel (born Louis George Rothschild), Minister of Posts, Minister of the Interior, etc. In August 1938 Mandel told M.Bonnet, Minister of Foreign Affairs, "there has got to be a [European] war, and the sooner the better." When President Daladier hesitated to declare war on Germany after Poland was invaded, "Mandel, Reynaud and their friends in the war party brought formidable pressure to bear upon him." The former Minister Lémery relates: "at the of February or the beginning of March 1940 Maurice de Rothschild invited me out to lunch outside Paris. He told me Mandel would call and collect me. Reynard was present. Mandel said we needed to waste no time in replacing Daladier with Reynard."[29]
  • Pierre Mendès-France, member of the Radical Socialist Party from 1924, a very influential Jew who held numerous Ministerial posts, including under Blum, over a 30 year period.[30]

Historians are divided on the overall influence of Jews in France. But by the 1930s the Popular Front government was criticised as being a creature of Jewry[31], and Marcel Déat called for opposition to "the infiltration of Jewish parasites into European culture."[32] The anti-communist author Louis-Ferdinand Céline said that the results of French elections "were determined by Jews" (referring to the Popular Front victory of 1936), and claimed that Jews dominated France politically, economically, socially and culturally. He argued that Jews were anti-semites in reverse: they wanted to dominate and abuse. He used the Jewish domination of the hierarchy of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and their control of Hollywood as examples. Although Marxists and liberals were major villains, he said, behind them, orchestrating their activities, were always the Jews.[33] The Leader of the Croix de Feu (Cross of Fire)(CF) Movement[34] throughout the 1930s, Colonel François de La Rocque, associated Jews with the de-Christianisation of France and with the "mortal vices" that had led to military defeat in 1940.[35]

Germany

Historical influence

Jews were 1% of the German population in 1871 and 0.95% in 1910.[1] In 1933 there were 503,720 Jews in Germany (0.8%), but this had dropped to 365,000 by the end of 1937 due to emigration and natural decrease.[36]

In 1908-1911 Jews were 36% of prominent businessmen and 21.7% of millionaires. 31% of the 29 families owning more than 50 million marks were Jewish.[1]

In 1925 Jews were 16% of physicians, 15% of dentists, and 25% of lawyers. In 1928 Jews held 80% of the leading positions at the Berlin stock exchange. In 1930 43% of private bankers were Jewish. In 1930 75% of playwrights were Jews as were in 1931 50% of theater directors. A "large number" of the prominent actors and actresses were Jewish.[1]

On August 26, 1936 the British Embassy in Berlin compiled a researched report and sent it to the Foreign Office in London, stating that "in 1931 out of 3,450 lawyers in Berlin, 1,925 were Jews. In Breslau the numbers were 285 and 192, and in Frankfurt-on-Main 659 and 432 respectively. In Berlin the number of Jewish doctors was 52%, while in most towns the average was 30%. Fifteen Jewish bankers are stated to have held 718 director-ships in banks and commercial undertakings. Of theatre directors, 50.4% were Jews. Although Jews formed less than one per cent of the total population, there is a widespread feeling that they blocked the approaches to all the leading positions in the State, monopolising them for themselves." [37]

Due to different inheritance laws in Germany small shop business was not as dominated by Jews, as for example in Hungary or Poland. In Hungary each child inherited a portion, in Germany only the eldest son (or co-heiresses in the case of daughters), therefore younger children went into the cities and also took jobs as journalist or salesman.

Hungary

Historical influence

Jews were approximately 5% of the population during the 19th century, 5.9% in 1920[1], and 5.1% in 1933.[38]

In 1920 Jews were 54% of the owners of prominent commercial businesses, 12.5% of the owners of industrial enterprises, 60% of doctors, 51% of lawyers, 39% of privately employed engineers and chemists, 34.3% of journalists, 29% of musicians and owned 85% of banks and other financial institutions.[1][39]

In 1930 Jews owned 61.7% of the commercial firms and 47.4% of the industrial firms employing more than 20 people. They were 71% of the most wealthy taxpayers.[1]

On the 14th October 1940, in a letter to the Hungarian Prime Minister, Pál Teleki, the Royal Regent, Admiral Horthy, stated "I find it intolerable that here in Hungary every factory, bank, large fortune, business, theatre, press, commercial enterprise, etc., should be in the hands of the Jews, and that the Jew should be the image reflected of Hungary, especially abroad."[40]

After 1945, during Communist rule, all leading positions were filled with Jews, the only exception was István Dobi, who was a Social Democrat before 1945. Culture, diplomacy, education, police, industry and also agriculture was headed by Jews. Jewish leading positions remained in 2012.

Poland

Historical influence

Jews were approximately 10% of the population in 1570, 10.5% of the population in 1921[1], and 9.8% in 1937.[41]

In Poland Jews were present since the earliest Middle Ages. Polish kings and noblemen often took Jews into service for tax collecting, as treasurers, or bankers. However by the 1760s it was observed that "the whole trade of the kingdom was carried on by Jews, while the masses were poor and miserable."[42]

In 1897, Jews owned nearly 60 percent of Warsaw’s major private banks. Elsewhere in Congress Poland, this figure rose to more than 90 percent. [43]

Despite the very high population percentage the Jewish influence became limited after independence (1919) with Jews being excluded to varying degrees from the public institutions including higher education. Despite this, in 1931 Jews were 54% of private doctors, 43% of private school teachers (but only 2.5% of state school teachers), and 22% of journalists.[1]

More generally, the centrist Peasant Party, in a 1935 statement, described the overall socio-economic situation as "Poles have no middle class of their own."[1] In 1938 Jews were banned from the National Totalitarian Party membership, from the medical profession, and lawyers restricted. September was proclaimed an 'anti-Jewish month' and "was rigorously observed".[44]

Romania

Historical influence

Jews in 1930 were 4.2% of the population.[1][45]

In 1937 Jews were 50% of army doctors, 80% of textile engineers, 70% of journalists, 40% of lawyers, and 99% of stockbrokers.[1]

Russia

Historical influence

Jews were 4.0% of the population in 1900, 1.8% in 1926 with the decline due to factors such as the independence of Poland, Lithuania, and emigration, but back up to 2.4% in 1937.[46] They were 1.2% in 1985, and down to 0.16% in 2002 with the decline due to the loss of the Ukraine plus emigration, mainly to Israel.[1]

In 1889 Jews were 43% of apprentice lawyers. In 1910 they were 35% of the mercantile class. In Kiev in 1914 they were 37% of managers.[1]

Jews were 2% of the population of St. Petersburg before WWI. During various year during the 1881-1915 period they were 43% of stock brokers, 41% of pawnbrokers, 27% of business owners, 16% of brothel owners, 32% of lawyers, 17% of doctors, 52% of dentists, and 40% of bank managers.[1]

With the October Revolution (q.v.) Jewish ascendency seemed to reach new heights. On August 7, 1918, the British Agent in Moscow, Mr Wardrop, sent a despatch to the British Embassy at Stockholm for forwarding to the Foreign Office in London, in which he described the Russian leaders as "fanatics and Jewish adventurers." The Netherlands Ambassador at Petrograd sent a formal detailed report to the British Embassy in Christiana (Oslo) a month later, dated 6th September, in which he described the Bolshevik Government in Russia as being "organised and run by Jews". The British Consul in Vladivostock telegraphed Earl Curzon in London a report from British Consul in Ekaterinburg stating "the Bolsheviks include a large non-Russian element such as Jews, the latter being especially numerous in the higher posts." A further report from Ekaterinburg on February 6, 1919 stated [the] "Bolshevik leaders do not represent the Russian working classes, most of them being Jews." The Rev. Bousfield S. Lombard, a military and naval Chaplain, who had been for ten years in Russia and in Petrograd throughout the Revolution, reported to Earl Curzon on March 23, 1919, that the revolution "is being carried out by international Jews". As businesses became paralysed (after the February Revolution), "Jews [also] became possessors of most of the business houses."[47] In 2013 president Putin admitted that in the first Soviet government, 80 to 85 percent of its members were Jews.[48]

Vladimir Lenin's grandmother was a Jew and Leon Trotsky, also Jewish, led the Red Army. The two first official heads of Soviet state as well as the first Communist leaders of Moscow and St. Petersburg were Jews. More generally, 40% of the top Red Army officers, 31% of the Bolshevik delegates at the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets, 37% of the Bolshevik delegates at the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets, and about 25% of the Party's Central Committee in 1919-21 were Jews. When the secret police, the Cheka, was created in 1918, Jews were 19% of the investigators and 50% of the investigators employed in the department for "counter-terrorism". In 1923 the Cheka was replaced by the OGPU. Jews that year were 50% of the governing secretariat of the OGPU and 15% of the top officials. The OGPU was replaced by the NKVD in 1934. Jews that year were 63% of the senior NKVD officials.[1]

Still surrounded by large numbers of Jews in prominent positions, by 1939, the year Stalin made an alliance with Hitler, he started to become suspicious about the loyalty of the Jews. This increased acutely with the creation of Israel in 1948, a state he suspected Russian Jews might be more loyal to than the Soviet Union. Consequently various purges took place in order to reduce the Jewish influence including a shutting down of all Jewish writers organizations and theatres in 1948-52, the arrest of many Jewish writers, the shooting of 14 out of 15 of the members of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, and exclusion of Jews from top bureaucratic positions. The purges stopped after Stalin died in March 1953. However, measures such as maximum quotas of Jews in education and employment continued to try to limit Jewish influence, at least regarding top positions. Outside of these Jews continued to be greatly overrepresented in professional occupations.[1]

See also the articles on the book Two Hundred Years Together and Jews and Communism.

Russian federation

Six out of the seven Russian oligarchs who made large fortunes as the oil and gas industries were privatized were Jews.[1]

48 of the 200 richest Russians were Jews according to a 2014 analysis.[49]

South Africa

See South Africa: Jewish influence and relations with Israel.

United States

Population

Jews were 3.55% of the population between 1927-37[50], but said to have dropped to 2.0% by 2002.[1] 5.2 million people in the USA identify themselves as Jews plus, in addition, there are 1,600,000 Jewish children. Over 60 per cent of American Jews live in just six states: just over 20% in New York State (with NY city and Rhode Island having up to 15%), 14% in California (mainly in Los Angeles, and, to a lesser extent, San Francisco), 12% in southern Florida, 8% in New Jersey (which is the next state to New York), and 5% each in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. The Jewish population of the USA is considered to be in the ascent rather than a decline.[51] About half of the world's Jews (46%) live in North America.[52]

Wealth

In 2000 Jews were more than a quarter of those on the Forbes Magazine list of the 400 wealthiest Americans, a third of all multi-millionaires,¨and 45% of the 40 wealthiest Americans.[1]

In 2009 they were 32% of those on the Forbes Magazine list of the 400 wealthiest Americans.[1] Because of this wealth they are able to exercise undue influence and placements. A good example is Ronald Lauder, son of the Hungarian Jewess Estée, née Metzner.

Academia

Jews are more than twice as likely as other Americans to be college graduates.[53] A 1969 survey found that at the 17 most prestigious universities Jews were 20%-36% of faculty members. The three faculties with the highest percentages were law, sociology, and economics.[1] A study regarding the situation in 1974 found that Jews costituted 50% of the top "intellectuals", which was defined as having published in the top twenty intellectual journals. They were 56% of top social scientists and 61% of those in the humanities.[1]

The Pulitzer Prize, created by Joseph Pulitzer, who is Jewish, is widely regarded as the most prestigious American prize for journalism and literature. Jews have won 52% of the Pulitzer awards for nonfiction.[1]

Media

US newspapers have become largely owned by Jews.[54] Examples include the influential New York Times and the Washington Post which have been owned and largely staffed by Jews. The three largest news magazines Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News & World Report are largely owned and run by Jews. A 1982 article noted that "The most widely read American Journals like Commentary, The Public Interest, The New York Review of Books, New Republic, and Partisan Review are either explicitly Jewish or contain a disproportionate Jewish input."[1]

Jews founded several of the major film studio in Hollywood. They have been very prominent as both producers and stars although the last group have often changed their Jewish name.[1]

A 1980 study stated that Jews then were 30% of the "media elite", defined as those working at the leading TV news divisions, newspapers, and news magazines. They were 46% of directors and producers of Hollywood TV and 66% of directors and producers of Hollywood movies.[1]

A 1990 article listed the top 10 entertainment companies in term of revenues and their CEOs. Eight of the CEOs were Jews.[1]

A 1994 article published the profiles of the 34 most influential media people. 48% were Jews.[1]

An article in 1999 stated that "any list of the most influential production executives at each of the major movie studies will produce a heavy majority of Jewish names".[1]

A 2008 article by a Jewish author noted that all the top executives of the major film studios who that year signed an open letter regarding a labor dispute with the Screen Actors Guild were Jewish. As were the president of the Screen Actors Guild and the "super-agent" who wrote a response to the open letter. The author had to "scour the trades" to find six non-Jews in high positions at entertainment companies. Five refused to be interviewed "apparently out of fear of insulting Jews." The sixth turned out to be a Jew.[55]

Foreign policy

Jewish influence on USA foreign policy is apparent in many studies. The New York Times[56] reported at length on the International Jewish Boycott Conference, held in Amsterdam in late July 1933 with the aim of placing full sanctions on Germany in response to them democatically electing the new National Socialist Government. Samuel Untermayer of New York, President of the World Jewish Economic Federation, presided. Returning to the USA, Mr Untermayer described the planned Jewish moves against Germany as a "holy war....a war that must be waged unremittingly." Mr Untermayer had the ear of President Roosevelt. In a report from Count Potocki, the Polish Ambassador in Washington DC, he warned his government in 1939 of the campaign that was being organised pressing for war with Germany in which various Jewish intellectuals took part, such as Bernard Baruch, Frankfurter, a Justice of the Supreme Court, Morgenthau, Secretary of the US Treasury, and others linked to Roosevelt, some of whom held many of the highest posts in the American Government.[57]

The influence of the Israel lobby on US foreign policy has been described as enormous, for example in the book The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy. The authors have stated that the "situation has no equal in American political history". In 1997 members of Congress and their staffs ranked the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (only one part of the lobby) as the second most influential organization in Washington, after the American Association of Retired People but before organizations such as the National Rifle Association and the trade union organization American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations.[58]

Other estimates and descriptions

See the "External links" section below.

United Kingdom

Jews were 0.6% of the population (300,000) in 1931.[59] These numbers had dropped to 263,346 in 2011.[60] Their influence is grossly disproportionate in the United Kingdom to their numbers. A 2002 survey of Jewish media control in the United Kingdom was published in the report "Near Total Zionist Jewish Control Of The British Media"

Politicians

There have been, and are today, a frighteningly disproportionate large number of Jewish politicians in Britain (see that page as well as List of British Jewish politicians).

Media and the BBC

The media and particularly the British Broadcasting Corporation has long entertained a disproportionate Jewish influence (see that page[61]), as has the legal profession. Other examples include:

  • Michael 'Grade' (real surname is Winogradsky), now 'Lord' Grade, joined BBC TV in 1984 as Controller of BBC One. Later he became Director of Programmes in 1986, and Managing Director Designate in 1987. The following year he became Chief Executive of Channel Four TV.He was Chairman of the BBC from 2nd April 2004 to 2006 and Executive Chairman of Independent TV Corp from 2007 to 2009. In 2011 he was made a Conservative Party Life Peer. On 19 September 2006, Grade became non-executive chairman of online food delivery company Ocado. His wife is Penelope Jane Levinson.
  • Jeremy Isaacs, son of a jeweller, worked for the BBC in the 1960s, was Director of Programmes for Thames TV 1974-1978, and was the founding Chief Executive (1981-1987) of Channel 4, a TV channel devoted to the promotion of non-indigenous people and their 'rights'[62] in the UK. In 1987 Isaacs became General Director of the Royal Opera House, London, until 1996. From 1990 to 1998 he acted as interviewer in a revival of the BBC series Face to Face, and between 1997 and 2000 he was President of the Royal Television Society. He is currently Chairman of Sky Arts.
  • David Abraham, Chief Executive of the UK's Channel Four Television Corporation. He was previously Chief Executive of UKTV.
  • Melanie Phillips, journalist, whose family came from Poland & Russia, who started writing for far-left newspaper The Guardian and the socialist magazine New Statesman. During the 1990s she moved to the political centre, and currently writes for The Times, Jerusalem Post and Jewish Chronicle. She defines herself as a liberal and is married to Joshua Rozenberg, a legal journalist employed by the BBC.
  • David Aaranovitch, a communist who is the son of active communists, started his media career in the early 1980s as a television researcher and later producer for the ITV program Weekend World. In 1988 he began working at BBC as founding editor of the On the Record. From 1995 he worked for The Independent and Independent on Sunday as chief leader writer, television critic, parliamentary sketch writer and columnist until the end of 2002; then The Guardian and The Observer in 2003 as a columnist and feature writer. Since June 2005, he has a regular column for The Times. He also writes a regular column for The Jewish Chronicle. Aaronovitch has also written for a variety of other major British news and opinion publications, such as the New Statesman, and the New Humanist and is an "honorary associate" of its publisher, the Rationalist Association. Aaronovitch also presents or contributes to radio and television programmes, including the BBC's Have I Got News For You and BBC News 24. In 2004 he presented The Norman Way, a three-part BBC Radio 4 documentary looking at "régime change" in 1066. He also hosted the BBC series The Blair Years (2007). The BBC selection of Aaronovitch to interview Blair was criticized by the Daily Mail's Peter Oborne, who stated in July 2007 that "over the past ten years Aaronovitch has never... ceased to extend a helping hand to Tony Blair..., Aaronovitch cannot be regarded as an independent figure who could be trusted to interrogate a former prime minister on behalf of the British public."[63][64]
  • Noreena Hertz, "a Left-wing academic with no journalistic credentials" appointed Economics Editor at ITV's News at Ten. TV presenter Jeremy Clarkson asked her if she was a communist. "No," she replied, "a Marxist". Clarkson asked: "What's the difference?" She is married to the BBC's Danny Cohen. She is the great-granddaughter of Chief Rabbi Joseph H Hertz.[65]

Lobby groups

Jews head up numerous far-left lobby groups and often hold influential positions.[66] Nepotism plays a role. An example is the registered charity Index on Censorship (founded with the innocent-sounding title of "The Writers and Scholars Educational Trust"), chaired by the Jewish journalist David Aaronovitch, who writes for, amongst other organs, The Daily Telegraph newspaper. He has appointed Jodie Ginsberg, Chief Executive. She was previously with the so-called think-tank Demos, and was former London Bureau Chief for the news agency Reuters. In addition she was previously 'Head of Communications' for Camfed, a non-profit organisation working in girls' education.[67]

A further example involving significant influence through left-wing lobby groups, politics, and the legal profession, is the Jewish barrister Anthony Lester, a left-wing socialist but who now sits in the House of Lords as a Liberal Democrat Life Peer. In the 1960s and 1970s Lester was directly involved with the drafting of race relations legislation in Britain. During these periods, he acted as the chairman of the legal sub-committee of the Campaign Against Racial Discrimination and was a member of several organizations working for racial equality such as the Society of Labour Lawyers, the socialist Fabian Society, the Council of the Institute of Race Relations, the British Overseas Socialist Fellowship and the National Committee for Commonwealth Immigrants. In 1968, he co-founded with another Jewish left-wing journalist Jim Rose[68] the Runnymede Trust, the far-left think-tank, and was its chairman 1991-3. He was a special advisor to Roy Jenkins at the UK Home Office in the 1970s, and moved with Jenkins from the Labour Party to found the Social Democratic Party in 1981. On 29 June 2007, Lester was appointed by socialist Prime Minister Gordon Brown as a special advisor on constitutional reform to the Secretary of State for Justice. He is a member of the Joint Committee on Human Rights. Lester is also a patron of the Family Planning Association, previously called the National Birth Control Committee. He represented the FPA in a contentious case in Northern Ireland where it was widely claimed that the FPA were trying to use strategic litigation to introduce liberalised abortion laws.

Israel Sieff (d.1972) was a member of the Zionist Commission which visited Palestine in 1918 under the leadership of Chaim Weizmann. The son of Lithuanian Jews, he was chairman of the British retailer Marks & Spencer from 1964 to 1967. Sieff endowed the 1934 creation, by Chaim Weizmann, of the Daniel Sieff Research Institute in Rehovot in present-day Israel. In 1966 under Harold Wilson's socialist government he became a Life Peer.[69]

Legal profession

Another seriously bad influence in the legal profession (in addition to Anthony Lester) is the communist Stephen Sedley (corrupted surname), son of Solomon Seletsky, a Jewish immigrant and life-long communist who, in the 1940s, founded the firm of lawyers of Seifert and Sedley with another Jew, Sigmund Seifert. Sedley himself became a barrister and was involved in cases which broadened the scope of Judicial Reviews and established the modern procedure for a Judicial Review in the High Court of England. He was employed in ground-breaking court cases in relation to employment rights, sex and race discrimination, prisoners’ rights, coroners’ inquests, immigration and asylum and freedom of speech - all the usual left-wing causes. He became a Queen's Counsel in 1983 and was appointed a High Court Judge in 1992, serving in the Queen's Bench Division. In 1999 he was appointed to the Court of Appeal as a Lord Justice of Appeal. He was a Judge ad hoc of the European Court of Human Rights and an ad hoc Member of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Sedley recently called for far more than 20,000 "refugees" and "asylum seekers" to be admitted annually into the United Kingdom.[70]

  • Michael Oppenheimer (b.1946) is a Jewish High Court Judge in London. Also a member of The Athenaeum Club. He is a member of the South African Oppenheimer family of diamond magnates.
  • Simon Brown (b.1937) is a Supreme Court Judge in London. His parents are Denis Baer Brown and Edna Abrahams.
  • John Dyson (b. 1943) is a Supreme Court Judge in London. His grandparents were Jews from Lithuania; his mother is Bulgarian and he was taught the piano by Fanny, the daughter of Myer Waterman, a Russian Jew. Dyson is a close personal friend of:
  • David Neuberger (b.1948) a Supreme Court Judge in London. From a wholly Jewish family, upon graduation he worked for several years at the merchant bank, N M Rothschild & Sons. His brother's wife is Rabbi Julia Neuberger, née Schwab. He was one of the judges who, in January 2017, attempted to hinder the British government's exit from the European Union.
  • Harry Woolf (b.1933) was Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales 2000-2005. His grandfather Harry was a Polish or Russian Jew. Woolf, an Ashkenazi Jew, met his wife Marguerite Sassoon, a Sephardi Jew, at the National Liberal Club.
  • Leonard Hoffman, (b.1934) was a Lord of Appeal in the English High Court 1995-2009. He was the son of a Jewish solicitor in Cape Town who co-founded what has become Africa's largest law firm, Edward Nathan Sonnenbergs. A leading supporter of the communist group Amnesty International his decision to detain General Augusto Pinochet in London was found to be biased and set aside.
  • Desmond Ackner (1920-2006) was a Lord of Appeal in the English High court. He was the son of a Jewish dentist, Conrad Ackner, from Vienna.

Commercial world

Jews own the controlling interests in Marks and Spencer (Marks swindled Spencer out of his share but kept his name in the title so that it would sound English), Tesco, the supermarket chain founded by Jack Cohen, and Sainsbury's supermarket chain. Jewish brides married into this family[71] and it is as a result today Jewish. The Life Peer Lord Sainsbury is a socialist and gives donations to the Labour Party. Sir James Goldsmith, Sir Philip Green, are but two of the legion of Jewish asset strippers which have made them rich while putting thousands of people out of work.[72]

Jewish criminals in the commercial sphere abound. William Stern (born Vilmos György Stern in Budapest, Hungary,[73]) was the businessman most notable as the owner of the British Stern Group of companies. When it collapsed in 1973, Stern became Britain's biggest bankrupt with debts of £118 million.[74][75][76] The uninsured losses sustained by thousands of investors led directly to the creation of Britain's first Policyholders' Protection Act.[75][77]

In 1993 Gerald Ronson, a relation of Malcolm Rifkind and Leon Brittan[78] and proprietor of Heron International (by the early 1980s Heron was one of the largest private companies in the United Kingdom, with assets of over £1.5 billion, but the company was over-extended and by the 1990s had virtually collapsed with debts of £2.4 billion owed to 89 banks and 15,000 bondholders), Larry Parnes, the stockbroker, and Ernest Saunders (real surname Schleyer) of Guinness, and Robert Miller of Dunsdale Securities, were all in prison for multi-million pound frauds.[79] Jack Lyons, convicted with Ronson & co, had escaped to Switzerland.

Sir Isaac Wolfson was the son of a Jewish cabinet maker, Solomon Wolfson, an immigrant from Rajgród, Poland. Isaac became managing director of Great Universal Stores (founded in 1900 as a mail order business in Manchester, England by Abraham, George and Jack Rose) 1932–1947, and chairman 1947–1987. From 1948 he donated significant sums to Zionist charities at the urging of his friend Israel Sieff. Later, the Edith and Isaac Wolfson Trust financed two housing projects in Israel, both called Kiryat Wolfson.[80] Harold MacMillan had him created a Baronet in 1962.[81]

Sir Samuel Goldman KCB (1912-2007) was the youngest son of Jewish immigrants. His father and brothers worked in the clothing business but at the age of 17 he entered the London School of Economics. In 1934 he gained an MSc for a thesis titled "English Theory of Capital from a Hayekian Viewpoint. Friedrich Hayek himself approved the thesis.) He worked for Moody’s Economist Services, 1934–38, the Jewish bankers Joseph Sebag & Co., 1938–39 and the Bank of England, 1940–47. He joined the British Civil Service in 1947, first in the Central Statistical Office then transferred to the Treasury in September 1947, becoming the Second Permanent Secretary in 1968. In 1972 he became chairman of Henry Ansbacher Holdings (this merchant bank went bankrupt in January 2014. It had been involved in numerous scandals over the years, its director the 3rd Lord Spens was charged with dishonest dealing in the Guinness fraud scandal[82] and its chairman in 1992 was an advisor to the Jewish fraudster Robert Maxwell in a deal which was subsequently passed to the Serious Fraud Office[83]). He was later managing director of the very shady[84] Orion Bank.[85]

Arts and Advertising

Jews have been prominent in promoting degenerate art in the United Kingdom[86], promoting the works of Henry Moore and Francis Bacon amongst others, with "art" from Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Pacific region.

Notable amongst these promoters is the Baghdad-born Orthodox Jew, Charles Saatchi, who, with his brother Maurice, founded a major advertising agency (UK advertising agencies are notorious for promoting multi-racialism and multi-culturalism) which grew to be the largest in the world. He developed an obsession with USA "pop culture", including Elvis Presley, Little Richard and Chuck Berry. He also manifested an enthusiasm for collections, from cigarette cards and jukeboxes to Superman comics and nudist magazines. He has said that his inspiration for degenerate art came from visits to the Museum of Modern Art in New York. He subsequently began patronising degenerate artists and similar works and promotes them. His gallery is in Chelsea. Saatchi's second wife was Kay Hartenstein a Jewish-American Condé Nast advertising executive. Saatchi's third wife is the Jewish author and cook Nigella Lawson.

Political donors

  • David Abrahams, a Jewish property developer is a notable donor to the Labour Party in the United Kingdom. His father was a former Marxist and local government councillor for the Labour Party.
  • Lord Sainsbury has provided the Labour Party with millions of pounds in funding.[87]

Organized crime and slave trade

See Race and crime: Organized crime and Slavery: Slavery by Jews.

Mass immigration

See Jews and immigration.

Modern art

Claims of large Jewish influence on some forms of modern art have been made and sometimes in connection with criticisms of "degenerate art". See the Degenerate art article.

Science

In relatively modern times, Jews, having gained entrance to State education systems, have become prominent in many scientific areas. For example, there is a very large over-representation of Jews among Nobel Prize winners.[1] There are numerous reasons for this, including their nepotic over-representation in their respective fields, plus the nominations.

See also the above section "United States: Academia".

Intellectual movements and ideologies

Jews have created, financed, or otherwise been very prominent in several and often controversial intellectual movements and ideologies such as

Among religious Jews Torah study is of paramount importance but has relatively little influence on non-Jews.

Proposed causes

Richard Lynn has argued that the measured high IQ of Ashkenazi Jews (see Jews and intelligence) is one explanation for the Jewish influence and over-representation on various socioeconomic variables. Almost all Jews outside of Israel are Ashkenazi Jews.[1]

However, Lynn has argued that the measured average IQ is not high enough to able to explain all of the very large Jewish influence and over-representations. Other factors must also contribute. He therefore examined other possible explanation such as the commonly proposed explanation involving a high cultural value placed by Jews on studiousness. The "General Social Survey" uses samples representative of the American population and collects information about respondent's cultural values as measured by the values parents would most like in their children. Lynn stated that the survey results showed no differences between Jews and non-Jews regarding the importance placed on values such as "Studiousness; "that he is a good student"" and "Success: "that he tries hard to succeed"".[1]

Regarding differences, if asking for the most important value, then Jews placed statistically significantly lower value on "Honesty" and statistically significantly higher value on "Judgement" than non-Jews. For example, 26.3% of Jews and 37.8% of Protestants thought that "Honesty" was the most important value and 32.0% of Jews and 16.9% of Protestants thought that "Judgement" was the most important value.[1]

If asking for the three most important values, then Jews placed lower values on "Honesty", "Obedience", "Manners", and "Cleanliness" and higher values on "Judgement", "Interest", "Considerateness", and "Responsibility".[1]

Regardless, Lynn stated that he thought that these not very politically correct differences could not explain the Jewish influence and over-representation. This since he stated he could not easily see how they could contribute to Jewish success and since he thought that the differences were overall relatively small. A possible exception was regarding "Interest: "that he is interested in why and how things happen"" which could possibly contribute to the Jewish over-representation in science.[1]

Lynn instead argued that a high or different Jewish motivation for achievement could be an explanation. For example, one study found that Jews did more homework and watched less television than non-Jews. Another study of American medical students found that Jews placed higher value on high income and high prestige than other groups.[1]

Kevin MacDonald has in connection with the Jewish group evolutionary strategy argued for explanations such as high Jewish ethnocentrism, preferential in-group altruism towards other Jews, and high ethnic networking between Jews.

He has also argued that Whites are greatly under-represented and Jews are greatly over-represented as students at elite universities in the United States. The over-representation of Jews was argued to be too large for it to be due to IQ differences. In particular poor Whites and Whites from non-urban Whites were argued to be discriminated against. "These data strongly suggest that Jewish overrepresentation at elite universities has nothing to do with IQ but with discrimination against non-Jewish White Americans, especially those from the working class or with rural origins."[88]

An argued example of Jewish ethnic networking is regarding the Russian oligarchs (who have been stated to often be Jewish). David Duke has argued that the Russian President Boris Yeltsin, influenced by several prominent American Jewish advisors and a Jewish Privatization Minister, as part of the privatizing and reforming of the economy, issued vouchers to the population, which would be exchanged for shares in privatized companies. With the economy in free fall, people were willing to sell those vouchers on the cheap to anyone who would pay cash. International Jewish financiers, like George Soros, provided cash to certain Russian Jews. These Jews then able to buy up massive amounts of vouchers and take control of the privatized state assets. The international financiers could not do it themselves, because they were not Russian citizens.[89]

See also

External links

Articles

Websites and article archives

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 Richard Lynn. The Chosen People: A Study of Jewish Intelligence and Achievement. 2011. Washington Summit Publishers.
  2. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/28/jewish-global-population-approaches-pre-holocaust-levels
  3. Robinson, Professor Theodore, H., D.D., et al., Palestine in General History, published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press, 1929, p.3.
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  19. Jewish Influence and Ethnic Networking in France: In Their Own Words . . . http://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2016/03/jewish-influence-and-ethnic-networking-in-france-in-their-own-words/
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  89. What is behind the push for war with Russia? http://davidduke.com/what-is-behind-the-push-for-war-with-russia/
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