The Soviet Union (formally the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)) was the first major Communist dictatorship implemented in the world, in October 1917.
During the World War II, Soviet Union conquered and occupied most of Eastern Europe. The Communists persecuted and murdered tens of millions of inhabitants of conquered areas and people who had opposed the Soviet power. In the late 1980s the last Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev tried to reform the state, but the Soviet Union ultimately collapsed and was formally dissolved in December 1991. Since then the Russian Federation has been exercising its rights and fulfilling its obligations.
The USSR was born and expanded as a union of Soviet republics formed within the territory of the Czarist Russian Empire overthrown by the Russian Revolution of 1917 followed by the Russian Civil War of 1918–1921. The geographic boundaries of the Soviet Union varied with time, but after the last major territorial annexations and occupation of the Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia), eastern Poland, Bessarabia, and certain other territories during World War II, from 1945 until dissolution the boundaries approximately corresponded to those of late Imperial Russia, with the notable exclusions of Poland, most of Finland, and Alaska.
Consolidation of power
At the beginning of 1917, both leaders of the Russian revolution were abroad. Vladimir Lenin the political agitator fruitless in his native country till then, lived in Switzerland, Leon Trotsky in the USA. Two extremely capable, although widely impecunious political adventurers. At a time, because the USA and Germany were war opponents, the first received official help from German, the second of American side.
Max Warburg was a board of directors Rothschild/Warburg bank in Frankfurt and at the same time boss of the German Secret Service.
His brother Paul Warburg, main author of the Federal was a reserve Act and leading head of the FED.
Max Warburg organised as a boss of the German Secret Service, the back transport Lenins together with other Russian revolutionaries in secure railway carriage from neutral Switzerland through Germany to Sweden. With about six million US dollars in gold Max Warburg laid the foundation-stone for the revolutionary cash. Lenin and his comrades achieved St. Petersburg in April, 1917.
Trotsky had been arrested because of revolutionary machinations under the czar twice, and both times had been able to flee from the banishment. Since 1907, he lived in exile. In January, 1917, the revolutionary Trotsky was a guest of Jakob Schiff, the representative of the European Rothschild banks in New York and the boss of Kuhn, Loeb Co., the bank house of Paul Warburg. With immense financial support and with 275 ruthless emigrants who had been trained in New Jersey on the area by Rockefeller's standard Oil Company in subversion and terror, Trotsky was sent on a chartered ship to Russia. Hundreds of other Russian speaking mainly Jewish agitators from New York followed. Trotsky reached the Russian native country in May and became the real organizer of the October revolution.
World War II
The Cold War
From 1945 until its dissolution in 1991 — a period known as the Cold War—the Soviet Union and the United States of America were the two world superpowers that dominated the global agenda of economic policy, foreign affairs, military operations, cultural exchange, scientific advancements including the pioneering of space exploration, and sports (including the Olympic Games and various world championships). For most normal human beings across the world, this represented being stuck between a rock and a hard place; the cheesy, cultureless, liberal capitalism of the United States on the one hand and the totalitarian communist boot to the face of the Soviet regime and its proxies on the other.
The stone age terror system of the Soviet Union became the primary model for future Communist states during the Cold War; the government and the political organization of the country were defined by the only political party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Initially established as a union of four Soviet Socialist Republics, the USSR grew to contain 15 constituent or "union republics" by 1956: Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Byelorussian SSR, Estonian SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR, Kyrgyz SSR, Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, Moldavian SSR, Russian SFSR, Tajik SSR, Turkmen SSR, Ukrainian SSR, and Uzbek SSR. (From annexation of Estonian SSR on August 6, 1940 up to reorganisation of Karelo-Finnish SSR into Karelian ASSR on July 16, 1956, the official count of "union republics" was 16.) The republics were part of a highly centralized federal union that was dominated by the Russian SFSR.
|“||The Bolshevik Revolution and some of its aftermath represented, from one perspective, Jewish revenge. During the heyday of the Cold War, American Jewish publicists spent a lot of time denying that—as 1930s anti-Semites claimed—Jews played a disproportionately important role in Soviet and world Communism. The truth is until the early 1950s Jews did play such a role, and there is nothing to be ashamed of. In time Jews will learn to take pride in the record of the Jewish Communists in the Soviet Union and elsewhere. It was a species of striking back.||”|
|“||Under the revolutionary regimes of Lenin and the early Stalin the former majority population of Eastern Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, White Russians) in their own country were dispossessed and put under the jurisdiction of the prerevolutionary minority peoples (Jews, Georgians, Latvians, Poles, and Armenians). The October Revolution differed substantially from earlier Western revolutions as, for example, when Frenchmen were pitted against Frenchmen in the French Revolution or when Englishmen fought against fellow Englishmen in the American Revolution for the purpose of improving conditions for the less fortunate. In Russia in 1917, international misfits provided much of the leadership for that revolution as part of a world conspiracy to bring down all other governments that did not accept the dictatorial teaching of Karl Marx and his disciples.||”|
|“||When people are being beaten with a stick, they are not much happier when it is called "the people's stick".||”|
- ↑ "Russia is now a party to any Treaties to which the former Soviet Union was a party, and enjoys the same rights and obligations as the former Soviet Union, except insofar as adjustments are necessarily required, e.g. to take account of the change in territorial extent. [...] The Russian federation continues the legal personality of the former Soviet Union and is thus not a successor State in the sense just mentioned. The other former Soviet Republics are successor States.", United Kingdom Materials on International Law 1993, BYIL 1993, pp. 579 (636).
- ↑ Alex Weiss: SPUREN – (German) Magazin für neues Bewusstsein – Ausgabe Nr. 59 – Praktischer Idealismus, S. 28, Frühling 2001
- ↑ Destroy Zionism! (23 December 2010). "Jew author Norman Cantor brags about Bolshevik slaughter of Europeans".
- ↑ NKVD: Excerpt from Sergei Semanov, The Russian Club. The Occidental Observer. Retrieved on 14 October 2013.