Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 – 4 July 1826) was a drafter of the United States Declaration of Independence and the country’s first secretary of state (1789–94), second vice president (1797–1801), and third president (1801–09). He conducted the Louisiana Purchase.
He supported the Back-to-Africa movement.
Long regarded as a leading spokesman for the ideas of the Enlightenment, he has been increasingly criticized for his ownership of a large numbers of slaves and for allegedly being the father of children with his slave Sally Hemings. See the "External links" on criticisms of the existence of the alleged relationship.
- Did Jefferson Sleep With His Slave?
- The Sally Hemings Myth
- Jefferson's Prophecy, The Rest Of The Story: "The Two Races, Equally Free, Cannot Live In The Same Government"