|Born||Theodor Ludwig Adorno Wiesengrund|
11 September 1903
Frankfurt, German Empire
|Died||6 August 1969 (aged 65)|
|Known for||Father of Cultural Marxism|
Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund-Adorno (11 September 1903 — 6 August 1969) better known as Theodor Adorno, was a German born sociologist, philosopher and composer, involved in the creation of the critical theory ideology of the New Left and Cultural Marxism as a member of the Frankfurt School. Born in Germany, he along with other Jewish-germans such as Wilhelm Reich and Herbert Marcuse, emigrated to the United States after NSDAP had seized power in Germany. Perhaps the best known books of Adorno are The Authoritarian Personality, Dialectic of Enlightenment and Negative Dialectics.
Adorno made many contributions to critical theory, notably his view that reason had become entangled with domination and suffering. Adorno coined the tern ‘identity thinking’ to describe the process of categorical thought in modern society, by which everything becomes an example of an abstract, and thus nothing individual in its actual specific uniqueness is allowed to exist.