Stanley Levison

From Metapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stanley Levison.

Stanley David Levison (May 2, 1912-September 1979) was an attorney, communist Jew and handler to Black civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.

Early life

Levison studied at the University of Michigan, Columbia University, and the New School for Social Research. He later earned two law degrees from St. John’s University. Levison became independently wealthy from early success with real estate ventures and running a Ford dealership with his twin brother Roy in northern New Jersey.[1] Levison became one of the most highly respected Jews in New York and was the treasure of the local Manhattan branch of the American Jewish Congress.

Communist Party executive

Levison was a fund-raiser for the Communist Party USA[2] Levison handled the finances of the Communist Party until 1955 when he moved his talents to the so-called Civil Rights Movement.[3] Thereafter Levison would continue to contribute and personally finance the party. The FBI suspected Levison’s alleged break with the party was a cover and his special relationship with King was an assignment designated to him by the party’s Soviet sponsors.[4]

In 1956 Levinson along with Bayard Rustin and Ella Baker founded In Friendship to raise funds for southern civil rights agitators.

Relationship with King

Levison was King’s chief advisor and spoke to him by telephone almost on a daily basis. The FBI with authorization from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy wiretapped most of these conversations.[5] Communist party leaders would brag their old comrade was King’s number one advisor and was writing most of his speeches.[6] President John F. Kennedy personally warned King to break his association with Levison because of his communist affiliations. Levison for a while backed away for King but continued to direct him thru an intermediary.

Levison was the brainchild in suggesting the development the coalition of Black clerics that became the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He was instrumental in finding ghost writers to King's book Why We Can’t Wait.[7]

Adam Clayton Powell, Harlem representative to Congress warned Blacks that King was a captive to "outside interests", meaning communists.[8]

Later years

Levison died at his home in New York City in 1979, age 67, from complications with diabetes and cancer.

See also

References

  1. The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 290, page 81
  2. From Civil Rights to Human Rights, By Thomas F. Jackson, Martin Luther King (Jr.), page 41
  3. From Civil Rights to Human Rights, By Thomas F. Jackson, Martin Luther King (Jr.), page 78
  4. Bearing the cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian..., By David J. Garrow, page 195
  5. A Guide to the microfilm edition of the Martin Luther King, Jr., FBI file: The King-Levison file, page iv
  6. Bearing the cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian..., By David J. Garrow, page 195
  7. Just my soul responding: rhythm and blues, Black consciousness, and race. By Brian Ward, page 310
  8. The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr, page 31

External link