Mathilde Ludendorff

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Dr. med. Mathilde Ludendorff, widowed Freifrau von Kemnitz, divorced Kleine, née Spieß, portrait drawing by Wolfang Willrich (wedding present 1926)

Mathilde Friederike Karoline Ludendorff (born Mathilde Spieß; 4 October 1877 – 24 June 1966) was a German teacher, neurologist/psychiatrist, philosopher and writer. She was the second wife of Erich Ludendorff.

Life

Erich und Mathilde Ludendorff
The Jewish Power – It's Essence and End, 1939
Mathilde Ludendorff – ihr Werk und Wirken.jpg
She attended a private and a public school for girls. Despite their modest means, the parents were able to give their daughters a practical professional education, which was unusual at the time. From 1893 until 1895 she trained to be a school teacher for girls, and in 1896 began to teach, initially at a boarding school for girls in Biebrich. She saved enough money to attend evening class at the Gymnasium for Girls in Karlsruhe from 1900 until 1901, to gain her Abitur. During the winter semester of 1901/1902, she began to study medicine at the Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg, where she attended the lectures of August Weismann on common descent (Vorlesungen über Deszendenztheorie) amongst others. In 1904, she married her lecturer, anatomist Gustav Adolf von Kemnitz, and moved to Munich in 1905 [...] in 1911, she picked up her interrupted medical studies in Munich until 1912, followed by the Medizinalpraktikum (practical year) part-time in the gynecology department of the Universitätsklinik Bonn, followed by approbation in 1913. She also graduated in 1913 with a PhD degree in neurology with a thesis examining the hereditary nature of mental differences between genders. From 1913 to 1914 she volunteered with the psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin and for a short time had her own office. She developed tuberculosis of the lung in 1915. As she recovered in 1915, she took over as medical director of a "Offiziersgenesungsheim" (place of recuperation/rehabilitation for military officers) in Partenkirchen and Garmisch and opened her own neurology office. In parallel to her intensifying preoccupation with the philosophy of Kant and Schopenhauer, in 1916, she founded a private spa in 1917. Her husband died in 1917 during an accident in the mountains. In 1919, she married Edmund Georg Kleine, a retired major and divorced two years later. She made her living with an office in Munich. Through Gottfried Feder, she got to know General Erich Ludendorff, who had been the leader of German military activities during the second half of WWI. His wife became her psychiatric patient but after they divorced, she married Ludendorff in 1925 in Tutzing. She became a strong critic of the religions existing in the Germany of her time and officially left Lutheranism in 1913.[1]

She was involved in the Völkisch movement, but was critical of occult aspects, developing her own faith, Gotterkenntnis or 'God Knowledge', which emphasised racial inheritance, culture, economy and justice. After the war, she founded the Bund für Gotteserkenntnis (translated: Society for the Knowledge of God), which was banned from 1961 to 1977, and stated to still be under observation by several constitutional protection agencies. Books translated to English include The Triumph of the Immortality-Will, History of Creation, Soul of Man, and Self-Creation.

Family

Mathilde was the daughter of Dr. phil. Bernhard Spieß (1845–1906),[2] from 1876 until 1906 teacher and Gymnasial Professor at the Wiesbaden Gymnasium, and his wife (∞ 1873) Johanna, née Peipers (1852–1933). Her grandfather was the Lutheran minister Ludwig Spieß (1809–1883).

Marriages

  • 1904 zoologist and anatomist Dr. phil. Gustav Adolf Freiherr von Kemnitz in Berlin; widowed 1917 (mountain accident of the Freiherr[3] due to avalanche)
    • This marriage produced a daughter Ingeborg (1906–1970) and two sons Asko (1909–1992) and Hanno (1909–1990).
  • 1919 Major a. D. Edmund Georg Kleine; divorced 1921
  • 14 September 1926 in Tutzingen (Upper Bavaria) General der Infanterie a. D. Erich Ludendorff; widowed 1937

Writings

  • Das Weib und seine Bestimmung. Ein Beitrag zur Psychologie der Frau und zur Neuorientierung ihrer Pflichten, First Edition, 1917
  • Erotische Wiedergeburt, Verlag von Ernst Reinhardt, München 1919
    • This book later published under the title Der Minne Genesung, Ludendorrfs Volkswarte-Verlag, München 1932
  • Triumph des Unsterblichkeitwillens, First Edition, 1921
  • Der Seele Ursprung und Wesen
    • 1. Teil Schöpfungsgeschichte, 1923
    • 2. Teil Des Menschen Seele, 1925
    • 3. Teil Selbstschöpfung, 1927
  • Der Seele Wirken und Gestalten
    • 1. Teil Des Kindes Seele und der Eltern Amt – Eine Philosophie der Erziehung, 1930
    • 2. Teil Die Volksseele und ihre Machtgestalter – Eine Philosophie der Geschichte, 1933
    • 3. Teil Das Gottlied der Völker – Eine Philosophie der Kulturen, 1935
  • Der Siegeszug der Physik — Ein Triumph der Gotterkenntnis meiner Werke, 1941
  • Wunder der Biologie im Lichte der Gotterkenntnis meiner Werke
    • Band 1, 1950
    • Band 2, 1954
  • Das Hohe Lied der göttlichen Wahlkraft, 1957
  • In den Gefilden der Gottoffenbarung, 1959
  • Das Jenseitsgut der Menschenseele
    • 1. Teil Der Mensch, das große Wagnis der Schöpfung, 1960
    • 2. Teil Unnahbarkeit des Vollendeten, 1961
    • 3. Teil Von der Herrlichkeit des Schöpfungszieles, 1962
  • together with Erich Ludendorff:
    • Die machtvolle Religiosität des deutschen Volkes vor 1945. Dokumente zur Religions- und Geistesgeschichte 1933–1945 Kompil. Erich Meinecke. Verlag Freiland, Viöl 2004
    • Das Geheimnis der Jesuitenmacht und ihr Ende, 1929 (PDF)
    • Das große Entsetzen – Die Bibel nicht Gottes Wort, 1937 (PDF)
    • Europa den Asiatenpriestern, 1938 (PDF)
    • Weihnachten im Licht der Rassenerkenntnis, 1937
    • Christentum und deutsche Gotterkenntnis (PDF)
    • Die Judenmacht – ihr Wesen und Ende, 1939 (PDF)
  • Der ungesühnte Frevel an Luther, Lessing und Schiller im Dienste des allmächtigen Baumeisters, 1936 (PDF)
  • Induziertes Irresein durch Okkultlehren
  • Bände der Blauen Reihe (incomplete):
    • Band 1: Deutscher Gottglaube, 1934 (PDF)
    • Band 3: Sippenfeiern-Sippenleben, 1939 (PDF)
    • Band 4: Für Feierstunden, 1937 (PDF)
    • Band 5: Wahn und seine Wirkung, 1938 (PDF)
    • Band 6: Von Wahrheit und Irrtum, 1938 (PDF)
    • Band 7: Und Du, liebe Jugend?', 1938 (PDF)
    • Band 8: Auf Wegen zur Erkenntnis, 1940 (PDF)
    • Band 9: Für dein Nachsinnen (PDF)
  • Lernstoff zum Lehrplan der deutschen Lebenskunde (unvollständig):
    • Heft 1 (1st and 2nd school year) (PDF)
  • Erlösung von Jesu Christo, 1931 (PDF)
  • Bekenntnis der protestantischen Kirche zum römischen Katholizismus, 1937 (PDF)
  • Mozarts Leben und gewaltsamer Tod, 1936 (PDF)
  • Was Romherschaft bedeutet (PDF)
  • Der Trug der Astrologie, 1932–2006, reprint(PDF)
  • Unsere Kinder in Gefahr, 1937 (PDF)
  • Ist das Leben sinnlose Schinderei?, 1934 (PDF)
  • Warum Lebenskundeunterricht?, 1941 (PDF)
  • Erledigte Gotterkenntnis? – Hoffnungslose Wissenschaft!, 1939 (PDF)
  • Verschüttete Volksseele Nach Berichten aus Südafrika (PDF)
  • Ein Blick in die Morallehre der römischen Kirche, 1934 (PDF)
  • Künstlerisches Schaffen und Wahnlehren, 1941 (PDF)
  • Von neuem Trug zur Rettung des Christentums, 1931 (PDF)
  • Ein Blick in die Dunkelkammer der Geisterseher (PDF))
  • Wahn über die Ursachen des Schicksals, 1934 (PDF)
  • Hinter den Kulissen des Bismarckreiches, 1931–1999, Nachdruck) (PDF)
  • Der Segen der Gotterkenntnis (PDF)
  • Christliche Grausamkeit an deutschen Frauen, 1936 mit Walther Löhde (PDF)
  • Erich Ludendorff. Sein Wesen und Schaffen, 1938
  • Lessings Geisteskampf und Lebensschicksal, 1937–2004 (PDF-Datei)
  • Totenklage – ein Heldengesang: Erich Ludendorff, 1939 (PDF)

Further reading

  • Mathilde Ludendorff – ihr Werk und Wirken, Ludendorff GmbH, München 1937 (2nd Edition 1960 and Archiv Edition Viöl 2003, reprint of 1938 version)
    • In this work, published by Erich Ludendorff, eighteen authors outline the work of this German woman in a wealth of areas: women's issues, eroticism, psychiatry and soul studies, philosophy and religious history, politics and history, occultism and superstition, upbringing and education, secret religious orders and much more.

External links

References

  1. Mathilde Ludendorff Biography
  2. Spieß, Bernhard, Hessische Biografie
  3. Regarding personal names: Freiherr (de) is a title of German nobility (Deutscher Adel), somtetimes translated as Baron, not a first or middle name, but connected with the surname, for example Sigismund Freiherr von Falkenstein, not Freiherr Sigismund von Falkenstein. The female forms are Freifrau, if married, and Freiin, if not.