Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: Калинингра́дская о́бласть, Kaliningradskaya Oblast; informally called Yantarny kray (Янта́рный край, meaning amber region) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia on the Baltic coast.
Despite being the westernmost part of the Russian Federation, it has no land connection to the rest of Russia, as it is an exclave of Russia surrounded by Lithuania and Poland. Borderless travel to the main part of Russia is only possible by sea or air. The fact that Lithuania and Poland are both members of the European Union and NATO means that the oblast is surrounded by the territories of these organizations as well.
Its largest city and the administrative center is Kaliningrad (formerly known as Königsberg), which has historical significance as both a major city of Prussia and the capital of the former German province East Prussia, of which the region remains the northern core remnant. Population: 968,200 (2004 est.); 955,281 (2002 Census); 871,283 (1989 Census).