Hermann Keil

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Hermann Keil
Hermann Keil.jpg
Birth date 18 August 1867(1867-08-18)
Place of birth Leipzig-Gautzsch, Kingdom of Saxony, North German Confederation
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
Service/branch Military Order of St. Henry (Saxony 1916), Grand Cross.jpg Royal Saxon Army
Iron Cross of the Luftstreitkräfte.png Imperial German Army
War Ensign of the Reichswehr, 1919 - 1935.png Preliminary Reichswehr
Rank Major of the Reserves
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Iron Cross
Military Order of St. Henry

Hermann Keil (b. 18 August 1867) was a German officer of the Royal Saxon Army (Königlich Sächsische Armee), the Imperial German Army and the Preliminary Reichswehr, finally Major of the Reserves with an infantry regiment during World War I.


Hermann Keil was born the son of Secret Legation Council Dr. phil. Adolph Keil (1822–1890), Jurist, diplomat and later lord of the manor (Weistropp near Dresden), and his wife Emma Clara, née Fiedler (b. 25. April 1836 in Öderan). He had six siblings. Older brother Eberhard Adolph was a major of the cavalry and was nobilized on 25 May 1907[1] (von Keil; 1857–1927), his brother Georg (b. 3 March 1865) was also a reserve officer of the Saxon Army.

Hermann completed his mandatory military service with the Saxon Jäger, was transferred to the reserves and was commissioned to 2nd Lieutenant of the 3. Königlich Sächsisches Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 15[2] in 1894. He was later trasferred to the 2. Königlich Sächsisches Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 13[3] with the Landwehr district Dresden-Altstadt (II Dresden).


From beginning of the war to May 1916, he served with the Reserve-Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 13. Then from this date to March 1918, he served with Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 133. The last unit he served with was the Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 107. He was retired (a. D.) on 1 May 1919.


  • 25 November 1894 Secondlieutenant d. R (2nd Lieutenant)
  • 22 August 1902 Oberleutnant d. R. (1st Lieutenant)
  • 23 October 1908 Hauptmann d. R. (Captain)
  • 22 May 1916 Major d. R. (Major of the Reserves)

Awards and decorations

  • Landwehr Long Service Medal, 1st Class on 13 March 1909
  • Iron Cross (1914), 2nd and 1st Class
    • 2nd Class on 18 septembre 1914
  • Saxon Albrechts-Orden, Knights Cross 1st Class with Crown (SA3a⚔mKr/AR1mK⚔)
    • Knights Cross 1st Class (AR1⚔) on 31 October 1914
    • Crown on 11 January 1916
  • Fürstlich Reußisches Ehrenkreuz, 3rd Class with Swords and Crown of Reuß (RE3mK⚔/REK3⚔mK/REKj3⚔mK) on 10 February 1915
  • Saxon Military Order of St. Henry, Knight's Cross (SH3) on 25 August 1916
  • Saxe-Meiningen Cross for Merit in War (SMK) on 7 September 1916
  • Civil Order of Saxony, Knight 1st Class with Swords (SV3a⚔/VR1⚔) on 16 April 1918
  • Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 with Swords



  • Das Königlich Sächsische Reserve-Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 13 im Weltkriege (together with Carl Edler von Littrow), in: " Erinnerungsblätter deutscher Regimenter", Dresden 1934