Gaza Strip

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The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza, is a partially self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, which borders Egypt on the southwest and Israel on the east and north. The largest city is also named Gaza, referred to as Gaza City to avoid confusion.

Gaza has since 2007 been governed by Hamas, which came to power in elections in 2006, with Israel earlier having supported of Hamas in order to divide the Palestinians.

The territory has been placed under an Israeli and U.S.-led international economic and political boycott from that time onwards. The population is not free to leave or enter the Gaza Strip, nor allowed to freely import or export goods. Israel controls Gaza's air and maritime space, and six of Gaza's seven land crossings. It reserves the right to enter Gaza at will with its military and maintains a no-go buffer zone within the Gaza territory. Gaza is dependent on Israel for its water, electricity, telecommunications, and other utilities.

Despite the 2005 partial Israeli disengagement from Gaza, the United Nations, international human rights organisations, and the majority of governments and legal commentators consider the territory to be still occupied by Israel.

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