Folklore, in some modern usage, is an academic discipline the subject matter of which (also called folklore) comprises the sum total of traditionally derived and orally or imitatively transmitted literature, material culture, and custom of subcultures within predominantly literate and technologically advanced societies. Comparable studies of wholly or mainly non-literate societies belong to ethnology and anthropology.
In popular usage, the term may refer to the oral literature tradition. Related terms are folk literature, oral tradition, and orality.
Folk music is a type of traditional and generally oral and rural music. There are also derived, newer forms of music that may be referred to as contemporary folk music or folk revival music.
Folk religion may refer to the religious aspects of folklore. It may also be similar in meaning to "popular religion" or "vernacular religion", somewhat outside of the official doctrine and practices of one or several religions, such as folk Christianity or syncretic mixtures of the official doctrines and practices of several religions.
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Folklore
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Oral tradition
- Encyclopedia Britannica 1911 Edition: Folklore
- Encyclopedia.com: Folklore