Carl Jung

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Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a German Swiss (Deutschschweizer) psychoanalyst and psychiatrist and the founder of analytical psychology, which is sometimes considered distinct from Freudian psychoanalysis, but heavily influenced by it, and analytical psychology has been criticized for some of the same reasons as psychoanalysis, such as for being a pseudoscience.


Jung's approach to psychology has been influential in the field of depth psychology and in countercultural movements across the globe. He emphasized understanding the psyche through exploring the worlds of dreams, art, mythology, world religion and philosophy. Although he was a theoretical psychologist and practicing clinician, much of his life's work was spent exploring other areas, including Eastern and Western philosophy, alchemy, astrology, sociology, as well as literature and the arts. His most notable ideas include the concept of psychological archetypes, the collective unconscious and synchronicity.

Jung emphasized the importance of balance and harmony. He cautioned that modern people rely too heavily on science and logic and would benefit from integrating spirituality and appreciation of unconscious realms. His work in spirituality helped to inspire Alcoholics Anonymous as he found spirituality helps people quit addiction.

Main Theories

External links



  1. Stepp, G. People: Who Needs Them. Vision Journal. Retrieved on 19 December 2011.
  2. Jung, C. G. and Wolfgang Pauli, The Interpretation of Nature and Psyche, New York: Pantheon Books, 1955.