|Part of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Russian Civil War|
Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets, which took power in the October Revolution
| Bolshevik Party
2nd All-Russian Congress of Soviets
| Russian Republic|
Russian Provisional Government (to Oct 26, Julian calendar)
|Commanders and leaders|
| Vladimir Lenin
|10,000 red sailors, 20,000-30,000 red guard soldiers||500-1,000 volunteer soldiers, 1,000 soldiers of women's battalion|
|Casualties and losses|
|Few wounded red guard soldiers||All deserted|
The October Revolution (Russian: Октябрьская революция, Oktyabrskaya revolyutsiya), is also known as the Bolshevik Revolution. It began with an armed insurrection or coup d'état in Saint Petersburg traditionally dated October 25, 1917 (Julian calendar; November 7 Gregorian calendar). It was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, following the February Revolution earlier that year.
The February Revolution was an almost spontaneous affair brought about by war-weariness, corruption, and starvation. It is said to have come as a surprise to Lenin, who was in Zurich at the time. Lenin returned to Russia, first crossing Germany in the infamous sealed train and then across the Baltic; others went by sea.
The October revolution was the Bolshevik seizure of power, the destruction of democracy and the Russian Provisional Government. Their armed gangs attacked and occupied all strategic government buildings on October 24 & 25. The new Bolshevik regime, the Russian Civil War (1917–1922), the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922, and the massacre of millions followed.
Leading Bolsheviks of the October Revolution
Leading Bolshevik hierarchy members in 1917: Vladimir Lenin and the following men were amongst those elected at the all-Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party (of which the Bolsheviks were a wing) Conference in April 1917 as the new Central Committee:
- Lev Kamenev (Jewish; Trotsky’s brother-in-law)
- Vladimir Milyutin, (People's Commissar for Agriculture in the first Bolshevik government).
- Viktor Pavlovich Nogin (Jewish, Chairman of the Moscow Military-Revolutionary Committee.)
- Ivan Smilga (Latvian, Chairman, Northern Regional Congress)
- Josef Stalin (Georgian criminal)
- Yakov Sverdlov (Jewish revolutionary; First Chairman of Central Committee who authorised the murder of the Imperial Family)
- Grigori Zinoviev (Jewish; President of Executive Committee of 3rd International)
Other leading Bolsheviks included:
- Vladimir Antonov-Ovseenko (Ukrainian Commissar for Military Affairs; arrested the Provisional Government.)
- S. Ia. Bogdanov (Commissar of Proletarian Culture)
- Gleb Ivanovich Bokii (Ukrainian Deputy Head of Petrograd Cheka)
- Nikolai Bucharin (Theoretician. Lifelong friend of Ilya Ehrenburg a prominent member of Soviet-sponsored Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and the originator of the holocaust-"Six Million" dead.)
- Nikolai Chkheidze, (Georgian, President of the Petrograd Soviet).
- Felix Dzerzhinski (Polish Head of the Cheka)
- Adolph Abramovich Joffe (Jewish; Member of the Central Committee & on editorial board of the Bolshevik newspaper Pravda; head of the Bolshevik delegation at Brest-Litovsk to negotiate an Armistice with the Central Powers.
- Lazar Kaganovitch (Jewish, from Ukraine. During the October Revolution of 1917 he led the Bolshevik takeover Gomel. In 1918 he was appointed Commissar of the propaganda department of the Red Army.)
- Mikhail Kalinin (Bolshevik Chief of City of St. Petersburg)
- Alexandra Kollantai (Finnish/Ukrainian, Commissar for Social Welfare)
- Maxim Litvinov (Jewish; real name: Meir Walach (Diplomat)
- Anatoli Lunacharsky (a Humanist, Commissar for Enlightenment)
- Ivan Maisky (Jewish, born Jan Lachowiecki) (joined the 1918 provincial government in Samara. In 1921, he officially joined the Bolshevik All-Russian Communist Party.)
- Yuli Martov (Jewish, from Vilna, former editor of Iskra and Lenin's link man with the Jewish Bund.)
- Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (real surname: Skryabin)(Commissar for Provinces)
- Jakob Peters (Latvian Cheka Deputy)
- Nicholai Podvoisky (Chairman of the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet and one of the 'troika' who led the storming of the Winter Palace in October 1917. Immediately following he served as the first Commissar for the Defence of Russia.)
- Karl Radek (Jewish; real name: Karl Sobelsohn from Lemberg and a staunch advocate of revolutionary warfare.)
- Grigori Sokolnikov (Jewish, born Girsh Yankelevich. Member of the first Politburo and who signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in 1918 on behalf of the Bolshevik government of Russia.)
- Isaac Steinberg (Jewish, from Latvia; People's Commissar for Justice.)
- Yuri Mikhailovich Steklov(editor of Izvestiya and a member of the Bolshevik Central Committee.)
- Leon Trotsky (Jewish; Commissar for Foreign Affairs)
- Moisei Solomonovich Uritsky (Jewish; elected onto the Bolshevik Central Committee in July 1917 and was made head of the Petrograd Cheka. In this position Uritsky coordinated the pursuit and prosecution of members of the nobility, military officers and ranking Russian Orthodox Church clerics who opposed the Bolsheviks. He was assassinated by another Jew on 17 August 1918.)
How Communism Came to Power in Russia
By 1917, most countries in Europe were either liberal democracies or monarchies, dominated by financial and commercial interests. Whereas other European nations had appeased the liberals, Russia had largely refused to accede to their demands. Their Liberals were irate and confused after having been stymied in Russia for so long notwithstanding their success almost everywhere else in Europe. They began to believe that perhaps the only way to achieve liberal democracy in Russia was to encourage democracy per se by encouraging the Far-Left to co-operate, expecting to be able to contain them, as in other countries, and a liberal democratic republic would emerge once the dust had settled.
The liberals began openly plotting with nihilists, the Far-Left, and even Russophobic elements and threw their much larger resources into the Far-Left Bolsheviks' meager pool of resources [just as liberal corporatists are supporting Political Correctness and Left-wing social changes a century later]. Thus the Bolsheviks ("bolshevik" means "majority") were able to become a major force in Russia even though they were dominated by Jewish revolutionaries and initially supported by only a tiny number of Russia's population.
Although the Bolsheviks later destroyed the liberal Provisional Government, replacing it with their own, the liberals' plan had partially succeeded at the beginning of the reforms in 1905. The Bolsheviks's seizure of power certainly caused massive social upheaval, and it took 74 years to burn itself out. Once it was gone, it was gone for good, and a democratic republic was declared immediately thereafter under Boris Yeltsin, which has remained in power to this very day.
From another point of view, however, the liberal plan failed. For it can certainly be argued that the three main European successor-states of the USSR and Russian Empire: Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, are liberal democracies in name only. (This is certainly true of Belarus.) This is in fact the view of both the liberal media and the liberal governments in the EU, US, UK, and UN, who have consistently placed these three nations on their various "naughty lists" of "illiberal" and "undemocratic" regimes. 
The Bolshevik Revolution and some of its aftermath represented, from one perspective, Jewish revenge. During the heyday of the Cold War, American Jewish publicists spent a lot of time denying that—as 1930s anti-Semites claimed—Jews played a disproportionately important role in Soviet and world Communism. The truth is until the early 1950s Jews did play such a role, and there is nothing to be ashamed of. In time Jews will learn to take pride in the record of the Jewish Communists in the Soviet Union and elsewhere. It was a species of striking back.
- The Russian Intelligentsia - Makers of the Revolutionary State by Stuart Ramsay Tompkins, University of Oklahoma Press, 1957.
- The Russian Moderates and the Crisis of Tsarism 1914-1917 by Dr.Raymond Pearson, London, 1977, ISBN: 0-333-21924-4
- The Crucifixion of Liberty by Alexander Kerensky, London, 1934.
- Destroy Zionism! (23 December 2010). "Jewish author Norman Cantor brags about Bolshevik slaughter of Europeans".
- Lenin. Vladimir I., What is to be Done?, 1st English language edition 1962/1989 Penguin reprint, U.K., ISBN: 0-14-018126-1
- Carr, Edward Hallett, The Bolshevik Revolution 1917 - 1923, London, 1950.
- Seth, Ronald, The Russian Terrorists, London, 1966.
- Trotsky, Leon, Leon Trotsky Speaks, Pathfinder Press, New York, 1972.
- Sutton, Professor Antony C., Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution, Veritas, W.A., 1981, ISBN: 0-9594631
- Bradley, John, The Russian Revolution, Bison Books, London, 1988, ISBN: 0-86124-454-0
- Figes, Orlando, A People's Tragedy - The Russian Revolution 1891-1924, London, 1996, ISBN 0-224-04162-2