1936 Berlin Olympics

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Olympics 1936.jpg
Games of the XI Olympiad
1936 berlin logo.jpg
Host city Berlin, Germany
Nations participating 49
Athletes participating 3,963
(3,632 men, 331 women)
Events 129 in 19 sports
Opening ceremony August 1
Closing ceremony August 16
Stadium Olympic Stadium

The 1936 Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was held in Germany. The Summer Olympics were opened August 16, 1936 in Berlin by Adolph Hitler, the Head of State. The 1936 Winter Olympics took place in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria.

National Socialist Germany outdid the Los Angeles Games of 1932 by constructing a vast new 100,000-seat track and field stadium, 6 gymnasiums, and many other smaller arenas. Athletes from 49 nations came to Berlin numbering 3961, setting a new record. The Olympic flame relay from Athens, Greece to Berlin was re-instituted and filmed for the modern games.

Officials installed a closed-circuit television system, radio network that reached 41 countries, and many other forms of expensive high-tech electronic equipment.[1] Filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl, a favorite of Adolf Hitler, was commissioned for $7 million [1] by the German Olympic Committee to film the Games. Her film, entitled Olympia, introduced many of the techniques now common to the filming of sports. The film remains the International Olympic Committee's official record of the Berlin Games.

Richard Strauss the world-famous composer of "Salome" and "Der Rosenkavalier", composed the Olympic Hymn.

Medal count

Germany led the wins with 33 gold, 26 silver and 30 bronze metals.

These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Germany (host nation) 33 26 30 89
2 United States 24 20 12 56
3 Hungary 10 1 5 16
4 Italy 8 9 5 22
5 Finland 7 6 6 19
France 7 6 6 19
7 Sweden 6 5 9 20
8 Japan 6 4 8 18
9 Netherlands 6 4 7 17
10 Great Britain 4 7 3 14

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rader, Benjamin G. "American Sports: From the Age of Folk Games to the Age of Televised Sports" --5th Ed.
  • Die Olympischen Spiele 1936 in Berlin and Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in several volumes, Germany, 1936.
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