Third Crusade

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The Third Crusade (1189-1192) was a crusade in response to the loss of Jerusalem to Saladin in 1187. Participants included Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Philip II of France, and Richard I of England.

The crusade was weakened by internal conflicts, despite this reversing many of Saladin's Christian conquests, but it failed to recapture Jerusalem, although the peace treaty gave unarmed Christian pilgrims and merchants the right to visit the city.

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