|Schlossplatz (Castle square)|
|City subdivisions||23 districts|
|Lord Mayor||Wolfgang Schuster (CDU)|
|Elevation||245 m (804 ft)|
|Population||601,646 (31 December 2009)|
|- Density||2,901 /km2 (7,515 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Stuttgart is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. The sixth-largest city in Germany, Stuttgart has a population of 600,038 (December 2008) while the metropolitan area has a population of 5.3 million (2008).
The city lies at the centre of a heavily populated area, circled by a ring of smaller towns. This area called Stuttgart Region has a population of 2.7 million making 'greater Stuttgart' the third biggest urban area in Germany after the Ruhr Area and Berlin.. With over 5 million inhabitants, the larger Stuttgart Metropolitan Region is the fourth-biggest in Germany after the Rhine-Ruhr area, Berlin/Brandenburg and Frankfurt/Rhine-Main.
Stuttgart is spread across a variety of hills (some of them vineyards), valleys and parks - unusual for a German city and often a source of surprise to visitors who primarily associate the city with its industrial reputation as the 'cradle of the automobile'.
Stuttgart has the status of Stadtkreis, a type of self-administrating urban county. It is also the seat of the state legislature, the regional parliament, local council and the Protestant State Church in Württemberg as well as one of the two co-seats of the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart.
- Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit (German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (31 December 2009).
- (German) Stuttgart. Initiativkreis Europäische Metropolregionen. Retrieved on 2009-03-23.
- (German) Basisinformationen zur Region Stuttgart. Wirtschaftsförderung Region Stuttgart GmbH. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
- (German) Stuttgart. Routenplaner Stuttgart. Retrieved on 2010-03-29.
- "Introduction to Stuttgart". The New York Times. 2006-11-20. http://travel.nytimes.com/frommers/travel/guides/europe/germany/stuttgart/frm_stuttgart_0129010001.html. Retrieved 2009-03-25.