Oskar Heinecke

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Oskar Heinicke.jpg

Oskar Heinecke (ᛉ 13 July 1878 in Eichenbarleben, Province of Saxony; ᛣ 25 January 1945 in Kiel) was a German officer of the Kaiserliche Marine and the Reichsmarine, finally vice admiral (Vizeadmiral). On 19 August 1939, the Tannenbergtag,[1] he was given the charakter (honorary title) as admiral (Charakter als Admiral) of the Kriegsmarine.

Career (selection)

  • Chief of the 10. Torpedo Boats Half Flotilla (1 August 1914-17 September 1915)
  • Chief of the V. Torpedo Boats Flotilla (18 September 1915-31 July 1916)
  • Chief of the II. Torpedo Boats Flotilla (1 August 1916-14 February 1919)
  • Commanded for Service to the Imperial Naval Office (15 February 1919-2 October 1919)
  • Commandant of the Light Cruiser „Königsberg“ (3 October 1919-10 March 1920)
  • Granted Leave (11 March 1920-31 May 1920)
  • Fortress Commandant of Cuxhaven (1 June 1920-18 October 1922)
  • Inspector of Naval Depots (19 October 1922-29 March 1925)
  • Inspector of Torpedo and Mine Affairs (30 March 1925-3 October 1927)
    • At the same time, Acting Inspector of Training Affairs of the Navy (1 July 1925-18 August 1925)
    • At the same time, Acting Inspector of Training Affairs of the Navy (5 January 1927-21 February 1927)
    • At the same time, Acting Inspector of Training Affairs of the Navy (1 August 1927-11 August 1927)
  • Placed at the Disposal of the Chief of the Naval Station of the Baltic Sea (4 October 1927-31 December 1927)
  • Retired (31 December 1927)

Family

Oskar was the son of Dr. med. Theodor Heinecke (ᛉ 19 December 1842 in Ebendorf; ᛣ 1905 in Eichenbarleben) and his wife Helene „Helenchen“, née Diesterweg (ᛉ 18 June 1856 in Dahlenwarsleben by Magdeburg; ᛣ 11 February 1936). He had three siblings.

Marriage

Heinecke was married twice, the second time 1910 to Gertrud von Wehren (ᛉ 7 May 1888 in Eisenach). Their son Horst (ᛉ 25 July 1913) joined the Reichsmarine (Crew 1933), served by the Kriegsmarine on ships and later on U-Boats. He fell () in January 1943 as Kapitänleutnant on "U 553“, when it sank in the North Atlantic.

Promotions

  • 7. April 1897 Kadett (after 1899 Seekadett)
    • joined the Kaiserliche Marine
  • 27 April 1898 Seekadett (after 1899 Fähnrich zur See)
  • 23 September 1900 Leutnant zur See
  • 15 March 1902 Oberleutnant zur See
  • 27 April 1907 Kapitänleutnant
  • 22 March 1914 Korvettenkapitän
  • 5 February 1920 Fregattenkapitän
  • 1 January 1921 Kapitän zur See
  • 1 October 1926 Konteradmiral
  • 25 January 1937 Charakter als Vizeadmiral
  • 19 August 1939 Charakter als Admiral, announced on 27 August 1939 (Tannenbergtag)

Decorations

  • Knight's Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog (DD3)
  • Prussian Order of the Red Eagle, 4th Class
  • Iron Cross (1914), 2nd and 1st Class
  • Oldenburg Friedrich-August Cross, 2nd and 1st Class (OFA1/OK1)
  • Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Knight's Cross with Swords (4 December 1917)
  • Hamburg Hanseatic Cross (HH)
  • Military Merit Cross, 3rd Class with War Decoration (Austria-Hungary) (ÖM3K)
  • Pour le Mérite on 5 March 1918 as Korvettenkapitän and Chief of the II. Torpedo Boats Flotilla
  • Prussian Long Service Cross for 25 years (Königlich Preußisches Dienstauszeichnungskreuz)
  • The Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 with Swords

References