Konstantin Freiherr von Gebsattel

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Konstantin Freiherr von Gebsattel
Konstantin Freiherr von Gebsattel.jpg
Birth name Konstantin Wilhelm Hartmann Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr von Gebsattel
Birth date 13 February 1854(1854-02-13)
Place of birth Würzburg, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Confederation
Death date 10 May 1932 (aged 78)
Place of death Linz, Republic of Austria
Allegiance Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Bavaria.jpg Kingdom of Bavaria
 German Empire
Service/branch Fahne der Bayerischen Armee.png Royal Bavarian Army
Years of service 1872–1910
Rank General of the Cavalry (General der Kavallerie)
Relations ∞ 1882 Marie Karg Freiin von Bebenburg
Other work Politician

Konstantin Wilhelm Hartmann Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr von Gebsattel (originally Constantin; 13 February 1854 – 10 May 1932) was a German officer of the Bavarian Army, finally honorary (Charakter als) General of the Cavalry (General der Kavallerie) as well as politician of the Alldeutscher Verband (Pan-German League) and the Deutschvölkischer Schutz- und Trutzbund (German Nationalist Protection and Defiance Federation), but also Großmeister (grandmaster) of the occultist and völkisch secret society Germanenorden (Germanic or Teutonic Order).


Konstantin Freiherr von Gebsattel II.jpg
Konstantin Freiherr von Gebsattel III.jpg

After attending private schools and Latin schools in Münnerstadt and Bamberg as well as the Munich Ludwigs-Gymnasium and the Bavarian Pagerie there (from 1867), von Gebsattel joined the 1st Uhlan Regiment (Königlich Bayerisches 1. Ulanen-Regiment „Kaiser Wilhelm II., König von Preußen“) of the Bavarian Army on 20 August 1872. From 1878 to 1881, von Gebsattel completed the War Academy with honours, which qualified him for the Higher Adjutancy (Höhere Adjutantur). He then served as adjutant to Prince Leopold of Bavaria from 1882 to 1884. In 1886, he became adjutant of the 3rd Cavalry Brigade and three years later as captain squadron commander in the 1st Uhlan Regiment.

On 11 November 1896, von Gebsattel became a major and the following year was transferred to the 2nd Heavy Cavalry Regiment in Landshut as a regular staff officer. In 1899, he was given command of the 5th Chevaulegers Regiment in Speyer and Zweibrücken. On 19 September 1900, he became a lieutenant colonel and in 1903 a colonel. As such, von Gebsattel was given command of the 1st Cavalry Brigade on 11 June 1903 and was promoted to major general in this position in 1905.[1] In mid-April 1906, he gave up the brigade and was appointed inspector of the cavalry (Inspekteur der Kavallerie). On 26 June 1908, he became lieutenant general; In September of that year he was awarded the Red Eagle Order, Second Class with Oak Leaves.

On 3 March 1910, Freiherr von Gebsattel was promoted to general of the cavalry due to asthma. As a result, he became actively involved in politics.


Konstantin Freiherr von Gebsattel died of a stroke while visiting a political friend in Linz on the Danube on 10 May 1932. At his funeral on 14 May 1932 in Gebsattel (Middle Franconia near Nuremberg), Gertzlaff Hans Erdmann von Hertzberg (1880–1945) spoke for the main leadership of the Pan-German Association and advocated the establishment of a “national empire”.


Konstantin came from the Franconian Imperial noble (Reichsadel) family von Gebsattel (since 1180), receiving the Bavarian title of Freiherr in 1816. He was the son of Viktor Emil Freiherr von Gebsattel (1826–1874), Bavarian chamberlain and court marshal of Amalie Marie of Greece (1818–1875), and his first wife Emma, née Freiin von Guttenberg (1821–1859). The godparents were the grandfather Konstantin Wilhelm Hartmann von Gebsattel (1783–1861), forester in Lebenhan, and the retired Bavarian colonel Heinrich von Dufresne.

He had two brothers from his fathers first wife and three from his father's second marriage with Olga Alexiewna, née von Rehbinder (1836–1921), the daughter of Aleksei (Alexis) Maksimovich von Rehbinder (1795–1869) Baltic-German Lieutenant General of the Imperial Russian Army.[2]

  • Hermann Otto (1855–1939), Major General z. D. of the Cavalry and, in 1909, founding chairman of what later became the State Association for Bird Protection in Bavaria
  • Ludwig Hermann (1857–1930), General of the Cavalry and Corps Commander in WWI
  • Johann Philipp Götz Alexis (1867–1937), Lieutenant Colonel z. D. and horse preliminary examination commissioner (Pferdevormusterungs-Kommissar)
  • Max Nikolaus Friedrich "Fritz" (1868–1939), from 1893 to 1930 German diplomat
  • Otto-Wilhelm (1870–1910), Rittmeister der Reserve and Bavarian Chamberlain (Kammerjunker)


On 17 April 1882 in München, 2nd Lieutenant Freiherr von Gebsattel married his finacée Marie Karg Freiin von Bebenburg (1860–1927). They had one son:

  • Viktor Emil Klemens Franz Freiherr von Gebsattel (1883–1976), Prof. Dr. phil. et med. Dr. h. c.; ∞ Bamberg 15 January 1920 Karoline von Falkenhayn (1894–1966); II ∞ Bamberg May 1867 Rosemarie (b. 31 August 1919 in Bamberg), née Renz, divorced (o¦o 1963) von Minden


  • 20.8.1872 Portepée-Fähnrich (Officer Cadet)
  • 18.10.1874 Sekonde-Lieutenant (2nd Lieutenant)
  • 23.11.1882 Premier-Lieutenant (1st Lieutenant)
  • 8.3.1889 Hauptmann (Captain)
  • 7.11.1896 Major
  • 19.9.1900 Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel)
  • 9.3.1903 Oberst (Colonel)
  • 20.8.1905 Generalmajor
  • 26.6.1908 Generalleutnant
  • 3.3.1910 Charakter als General der Kavallerie

Awards and decorations