J. R. R. Tolkien
J.R.R. Tolkien (3 January 1892 - 2 September 1973), in full John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, was an English literature and language scholar and an author who achieved fame with his children’s fantasy book The Hobbit (1937) and the epic fantasy The Lord of the Rings (1954–55). After his death, his son has published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts.
While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of his works led to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the father of modern fantasy literature.
Tolkien voiced support for the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War upon hearing that Communist Republicans were destroying churches and killing priests and nuns.
Argued allegories in and influences on fictional works
Various allegories in and influences on the fictional works have been argued. One example is argued influence from the author's devout Catholicism. Tolkien himself stated that these writings were not strict allegories of any kind, but were open to interpretation as the reader saw fit.
Most controversial may be claims of influences from anti-Communism, the events of WWII, and/or at this time common race views, such as Nordicism. Tolkien rejected many of these claims. See also the "External links" section.
- Racism in Tolkien's Works
- The Mythos of J. R. R. Tolkien, Stephen Goodson explores the sympathies of the author of The Lord of the Rings
- Tolkien’s Mythos Barnes Review article
- Tolkien: Master of Middle Earth
- Christopher Tolkien Obituary
- The Mythos of J. R. R. Tolkien http://www.spearhead.co.uk/0208-sg.html