Immigration and crime
Immigration and crime is a topic that has gained increased attention as mass immigration is rapidly changing the populations of many countries. It is related to race and crime but not identical. For example, many countries do not provide racial crime statistics, but do provide crime statistics for immigrants from different countries or geographic regions. These groups may not be racially homogeneous. One example being that many immigrants from some European countries may be Gypsies.
The Handbook of Crime Correlates (2009), a review of studies of correlates with crime, states that most studies on immigrants have found higher rates of crime. However, this varies greatly depending on the country of origin with immigrants from some regions having lower crime rates than the indigenous population.
Despite the limitation of country of origin not being the same as race, this may be as interpreted as support for that the race of the immigrants may be very important. See also race and crime on studies directly examining the relationship between race and crime.
Pro-mass immigration sources, such as the leftist Wikipedia, often cite selective claimed statistics from the United States regarding Hispanic/immigrant crime and often then try to imply that this means that immigrants generally and even all races do not differ greatly regarding crime.
Regarding this, see Race and crime: Hispanic and immigrant crime.
A study by the Swedish governmental organization responsible for official crime statistics examined crime during the 1997-2001 period. The study included all residents in Sweden between the ages of 15 and 51. The crimes included were those reported to the police and for which the police had registered a reasonable suspicion regarding the offender. Below are the overrepresentation for foreign born compared to Swedish born with Swedish born parents. First number is for males compared to males. The second number in parentheses is for females compared to females.
- Rape/attempted rape +410% (not enough data)
- Homicide/attempted homicide +310% (not enough data)
- Robbery +300% (not enough data)
- Illegal threat +270% (+250%)
- Theft in stores +250% (+280%)
- Battery, total +200% (+190)
- Battery against children under 15 years old +290% (+360%)
- Battery against females 15 years old or older +240% (+170%)
- Battery against males 15 years old or older +190% (+180)
- Resisting arrest, etc +190% (+110%)
- Forgery +180% (+60%)
- Sexual crimes except rape +170% (not enough data)
- Other traffic crimes +170% (+90%)
- Harassment, violation of domicile, etc +160% (+140%)
- Fraud, embezzlement, etc +150% (+90%)
- Drug-related crimes 120% (+0%)
- Illegal possession of weapon, etc +110% (+40%)
- Burglary +60% (-20%)
- Vandalism +50% (+80%)
- Car theft +50% (-40%)
- Driving under influence +40% (+0%)
- Theft from motor vehicle +30% (-40%)
The first number below are the overrepresentations for foreign born different geographic areas. It includes both males and females. The second number is percentage of each group who became reasonably suspect of at least one crime during the studied five-year period.
- Africa, not North or East: +430% (26,3%)
- North Africa: +370% (23,3%)
- West Asia: +280% (18.8%)
- East Africa: +250% (17,5%)
- South America: +230% (16,4%)
- Central Asia: +220% (16,1%)
- Southern Asia: +220% (15,8%)
- Europe, not EU, including Turkey: +160% (13,2%)
- European Union, new countries: +130% (11,4%)
- South East Asia: +110% (10,5%)
- Nordic Countries: +70% (8,7%)
- Not classified: +60% (7,8%)
- European Union, other countries: +40% (7,2%)
- United States, Canada, Australia och New Zealand: +10% (5,5%)
- East Asia: +0 (5,2%)
The study did not publish the overrepresentation for different groups for individual crimes. An earlier study looking at the 1985-89 period found very high numbers when combining the crimes with the highest overrepresentation with the groups with the highest overrepresentation. Svenskarnas parti in a study examined all convictions for rape in 2008 and calculated the overrepresentations compared to Swedish born for foreign born from different geographic regions. The first number is the number of persons convicted, which is very small for some regions. As such the study cautioned that it should be seen as showing the situation regarding all convictions for rape in 2008 and not as definitive numbers regarding overrepresentations for rape.
- North Africa: 13 (+2660%)
- Sub-Saharan Africa: 30 (+1530%)
- South West Asia: 82 (+1040%)
- Latin America: 18 (+970%)
- Indian subcontinent: 6 (+910%)
- Baltic States 3 (+790%)
- Southern Europe: 4 (+500%)
- Nordic countries except Finland: 10 (+360%)
- Balkans: 17 (+340%)
- East Asia: 2 (+210%)
- Finland: 14 (+190%)
- Eastern Europe: 6 (+140%)
- Southeast Asia: 2 (+80%)
- Northwest Europe: 2 (+10%)
- North America: 0 (-)
During the period 1997-2001, 25% of the almost 1,520,000 offences were committed by foreign born, while almost 20% were committed by Swedish-born people with a foreign background.
- Handbook of Crime Correlates; Lee Ellis, Kevin M. Beaver, John Wright; 2009; Academic Press
- "Brottslighet bland personer födda i Sverige och i utlandet". BRÅ 2005:17. 2005. Brottsförebyggande Rådet. Based on table 7 och 9 in "Bilaga 4" (pages 67 and 69). http://www.bra.se/bra/publikationer/arkiv/publikationer/2005-12-14-brottslighet-bland-personer-fodda-i-sverige-och-i-utlandet.html
- BRÅ 1996:2 Invandrares och invandrares barns brottslighet. 1996. Brottsförebyggande Rådet.
- SvP-rapport avslöjar: Majoriteten av våldtäkterna begås av invandrare. Realisten. Publicerad 2010-08-24. Table 1. http://www.realisten.se/2010/08/24/majoriteten_av_valdtakterna_begas_av_invandrare/
- People with a foreign background behind 45% of Swedish crime