Haakon VII of Norway

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King Haakon VII

Haakon VII (born Prince Carl of Denmark; 3 August 1872 – 21 September 1957) was the King of Norway from November 1905 until his death in September 1957.


Originally a Danish prince, he was born in Copenhagen as the son of the future Frederick VIII of Denmark and Louise of Sweden. Prince Carl was educated at the Royal Danish Naval Academy and served in the Royal Danish Navy. After the 1905 dissolution of the union between Sweden and Norway, Prince Carl was offered the Norwegian crown. Following a November plebiscite, he accepted the offer and was formally elected King of Norway by the Storting. He took the Old Norse name Haakon and ascended to the throne as Haakon VII.

Norway was invaded by Germany on 9 April 1940. On that day, King Haakon VII and the Marxist Nygaardsvold government fled the capital. All authority was gone and the people did not hear a word from the government. On the evening of April 9, Vidkun Quisling announced in a radio broadcast that the national government has taken over government power, with Vidkun Quisling as head of government and foreign minister. Haakon refused to recognize the national government by Quisling.

Quisling sent Kjeld Stub Irgens up to Elverum to try to get the king to return to Oslo and Irgens had made a report and Quisling says that he will resign if the king returns and a Norwegian government can be established then he will resign as self-appointed prime minister.[1] Haakon chose to work with the Nygaardsvold government and continue the resistance against Germany.

The Royal Family and the Nygaardsvold government left Norway on 7 June and established itself in London. Haakon returned to Norway in June 1945 after the defeat of Germany.


King Haakon died at the age of 85 in September 1957, after having reigned for nearly 52 years. He was succeeded by his only son, who ascended to the throne as Olav V.


  1. Finn Thrana, NRK, 3. October 2005