Emma Goldman (27 1869 - 14 May 1940), also known as Red Emma, was an influential Jewish social anarchist. She was born in Russia, but immigrated to the United States in 1885. There she formed a close association with the Jewish social anarchist Alexander Berkman, who was imprisoned between 1892 and 1906 for attempting to assassinate the industrialist Henry Clay Frick during a strike. The following year, she herself was jailed for inciting a riot by a speech.
She later incurred a great deal of negative publicity when she published "The Tragedy at Buffalo". In the article, she compared Czolgosz to Marcus Junius Brutus, the assassin of Julius Caesar, and called McKinley the "president of the money kings and trust magnates."
During World War I, she agitated against military conscription, and was declared a subversive alien. She was, along with Berkman and 247 others, was deported to the Soviet Union. Her stay there was brief and two years after leaving, she recounted her experiences in My Disillusionment in Russia (1923). During her last years, she was supporting the social anarchists participating in the Spanish Civil War.
She opposed marriage and had no children, believing that motherhood and activism were incompatible.